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c 

International Young 
Men's Christian Association 
Training School 



The New Bali-Bearing 

DENSMORE 



" THE WORLD'S 
GREATEST TYPEWRITER." 




Used and recommended by the International Train- 
ing School of the Y. M. C. A. 

Only Typewriter* using Balls at the most vital bear- 
ings, the type-bar joints. 

Lightest Key Touch, reducing the operator's work 
to the minimum. 

It has the most conveniences. 
The U. S. Department of the Interior alone uses 
over 150 Densmores. 



Densmore Typewriter Co*, 

316 Broadway, NEW YORK. 




View from Building. 



TWELFTH CATALOGUE 



OF THE 



International 
Young Men's Christian Association 
Training School 

SPRINGFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS. 




1896-97 

With Prospectus for 1897-98 



Springfield, Mass.: 
Loring & Axtell, Printers, 
1897. 



CORPORATORS. 



The names of the Trustees are italicized. 



Australia, N. S. W., Sydney, David Walker. 

" Victoria, Melbourne, H. A. Wilcox. 
Hawaiian Is., Honolulu, Hon. Henry Waterhouse. 
South Africa, Adams, Natal, George B. Cowles. 
France, Paris, E. Buscarlet. 
Germany, Berlin, Count Andreas Bernstorff. 
Great Britain, England, London, M. H. Hodder. 

W. H. Mills. 
" Scotland, Glasgow, W. M. Oatts. 

«« " Portobello, R. H. Smith. 

Ireland, Belfast, Robert McCann. 
India, Madras, W. Reierson Arbuthnot. 

" " David McConaughy, Jr. 
Japan, Tokio, John T. Swift. 
Sweden, Stockholm, Baron Edward Barnekow. 
Switzerland, Geneva, Rev. Gustave Tophel. 
Manitoba, Winnipeg, R.J. Whitla. 

T. D. Patton. 
Nova Scotia, Halifax, E. W. Gorton. 
Ontario, Toronto, F. M. Pratt. 

" " Thomas S. Cole. 

" " Robert Kilgour. 

Quebec, Montreal, D. A. Budge. 
" " George Reid. 

D. W. Ross. 
F. W. Kelley. 
Alabama, Birmingham, Jas. Bowron. 

" " Joseph Hardy. 

California, Oakland, Noel H. Jacks. 

" San Francisco, H. J. McCoy. 
Colorado, Denver, Alfred W. Chamberlain. 
" " Donald Fletcher. 

W. G. Lotze. 
" " Jas. Naismilh. 

Connecticut, Bridgeport, /. W. Cook. 

** " Frank Russell, D.D. 

Hartford, Henry Roberts. 
New Britain, F. G. Piatt. 
Norwich, E. A. Prentice. 
Stamford, C. L. Reid. 
Georgia, Atlanta, W. Woods White. 
Illinois, Chicago, I. E. Brown. 
" " A. A. Stagg. 

Robt. Weidensall. 
Indiana, Richmond, Albert G. Shepard. 

" Indianapolis, T. A. Hildreth. 
Iowa, Des Moines, W. A. Magee. 

" " E. D. Sampson. 

Kansas, Topeka, R. B. Gemmell. 
Kentucky, Louisville, J. L. Wheat. 
Maryland, Baltimore, W. H. Morriss. 

Hagerstown, R. S. Crawford. 
Massachusetts, Amherst, Merrill E. Gates. 

Boston, R. M. Armstrong. 
O. H. Durrell. 
" " Charles A. Hopkins. 

" G. W. Mehaffey. 
" " H.M.Moore. 

Campello, Preston B. Keith. 
Fitchburg, Frederick Fosdick. 

T. E. McDonald. 
Lynn, George E. Day. 
Manchester, Russell Sturgis. 
Nantucket, E. A. Lawrence. 
Springfield, Dr. W. F. Andrews. 
" " Fred W. Atkinson. 

" " Charles H. Barrows. 

" " H. H. Bowman. 

" J. T. Bowne. 

" Geo. D. Chamberlain. 

L. L. Doggett. 
" D. F. Graham. 

Luther Gulick, M.D. 
" " J. L. Johnson. 

" " Henry S. Lee. 

" " John McFethnes. 

" " Arthur G. Merriam. 

" Oliver C. Morse. 
Rev. D. A. Reed. 



Massachusetts, Springfield, C. H. Southworth. 
" " W. E. Waterbury. 

" Wilbraham, W. R. Ncwhall. 

Worcester, Wm. Woodward. 
Michigan, Detroit, C. M. Copeland. 

'* H. G. Van Tuyl. 
Minnesota, Minneapolis, C. E. Dyer. 

" St. Paul, Thomas Cochran. 
Missouri, Kansas City, Witten McDonald. 

G. H. Winslow. 
" St. Louis, George T. Coxhead. 

" Thomas S. McPheeters. 
Nebraska, Omaha, J. C. Denise, M.D. 
New Hampshire, Concord, Allen Folger. 

Portsmouth, F. W. Teague. 
New Jersey, Newark, Aaron Carter. 

New Brunswick, Frank L. Janeway. 
Plainfield, C. W. McCutchen. 
!< " W. D. Murray. 

Summit, Charles B. Grant. 
New York, Addison, Burton G. Winton. 

Albany, Clarence Valentine. 
" Brooklyn, F. B. Pratt. 

F. B. Schenck. 
" Edwin F. See. 
Buffalo, Henry Bond. 
" S. M. Clement. 
" H. D. Dickson, 
" John B. Squire. 
Geneva, T. C. Maxwell. 
Jamestown, W. A. Keeler. 
Medina, W. A. Bowen. 
New York, Cephas Braincrd. 

Thomas K. Cree. 
" C. C. Cuyler. 

" F. S. Goodman. 

George A. Hall."^ 
Walter Hughson. 
R. R. McBurney . 
Richard C. Morse. 
J. Gardner Smith, M.D. 
" Erskine Uhl. 

Geo. A. Warburton. 
A. J. D. Wedemeyer. 
L. D. Wishard. 
Rochester, Rev. John H. Elliott. 
Troy, C. W. Dietrich. 
No. Carolina, Davidson College, Prof. H. L. Smith. 
Ohio, Cincinnati, H. P. Lloyd. 
" Cleveland, F. E. Barton. 

A. D. Hatfield. 
G. K. Shurtleff. 
" Dayton, G. N. Bierce. 
" E. L. Shuey. 
Pennsylvania, Erie, C. W. Davenport. 

Philadelphia, John H. Converse. 
" Thomas DeWitt Cuyler. 
" " Rev. Wallace MacMullen. 

Pittsburg, S. P. Harbison. 

" Benjamin Thaw. 
Scranton, H. M. Boies. 

" C. H. Zehnder. 
Uniontown, A. W. Lunbeck. 
Rhode Island, Providence, H. S. Conant. 

W. E. Colley. 
South Carolina, Charleston, A. T. Jamison. 

Columbia, A. T. Smythe. 
Tennessee, Chattanooga, J. B. Milligan. 

Knoxville, James H. Cowan. 
Nashville, J. B. O'Bryan. 
Texas, Dallas, A. F. Hardie. 

" Fort Worth, William" C. Winthrop. 
" Galveston, H. L. Smith. 
Vermont, Brattleboro, J. J. Estey. 

" Burlington, W. J. Van Patten. 
" Montpelier, A. J. Howe. 
Virginia, Richmond, Joseph Bryan. 

" " L. A. Coulter. 

Washington, Seattle, E. C. Kilbourne. 



OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES, J897-'98. 



President. 

L. L. DOGGETT, Ph. D., Springfield, Mass. 

Vice- President. 
PRESTON B. KEITH, Campello, Mass. 

Treasurer. 

GEO. D. CHAMBERLAIN, Springfield, Mass. 

Recording Secretary. 
J. T. BOWNE, Springfield, Mass. 

Corresponding Secretary. 
OLIVER C. MORSE, Springfield, Mass. 

Executive Committee. 

Dr. W. F. Andrews, Springfield, Mass. 
H. H. Bowman, Springfield, Mass. 
Richard C. Morse, New York City. 

with the President and Treasurer, ex officio. 

Building Committee. 

John McFethries, Springfield, Mass. 
Geo. D. Chamberlain, Springfield, Mass. 
Chas. A. Hopkins, Boston, Mass. 
J. T. Bowne, Springfield, Mass. 
D. F. Graham, Springfield, Mass. 

with the President, ex officio. 

Committee on Instruction. 

Fred. W. Atkinson, Springfield, Mass. 
W. R. Newhall, Wilbraham, Mass. 
F. B. Pratt, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
H. M. Moore, Boston, Mass. 
Erskine Uhl, New York^City. 



FACULTY. 



L. L. DOGGETT, Ph. D., President, 306 St. James Avenue, 

History and Organization 
of the Young Men s Christian Association. 

J. T. Bowne, 121 Northampton Avenue, 

Librarian. 

Luther Gulick, M. D., 250 Alden Street, 

History and Philosophy of Physical Training. 

Oliver C. Morse, 219 Florida Street, 

CJwistian Evidences. 

F. N. Seerley, M. D., 10 Merrick Avenue, 

Physiology and Psychology. 

H. M. Burr, 159 Princeton Street, 

History of Christianity and Sociology. 

D. F. Graham, 179 Alden Street, 

Educational Course. 

James H. McCurdy, M. D., 308 Eastern Avenue, 

Applied Physiology, Gymnastics and Athletics. 

James M. Gray, D. D., 38 Dartmouth Street, Boston, Mass., 

Biblical Introduction and Synthesis of the English Bible. 

Francis Regal, West Springfield, 

English. 



Names arranged according to length of service. 



STUDENTS, 1896-97. 



JUNIOR CLASS. 



*Batcheller, Wilfred Eugene, 
Bates. Thomas, 
Bond, Roy, 

*Browne, Albert Gemmel, 
Doolittle, Sherwood Burdett, 
Foster, Elmo Murray, 
Goodale, William Benjamin, 
Karnes, Emmet Gilbert, 
Kraus, Edward August, 
Merritt, Joseph Elbridge, 
Pryce, William Morris, 
Record, Charles Sturges, 
Shoemaker, Arthur, 
*Tifft, Frederick Elijah, 
Tomlinson, Edward, 
Weston, Clarence, 
Young, Fred, 

Seventeen 



Millbury, Mass. 
Hamilton, Ont. 
Cassopolis, Mich. 
Walton, N. Y. 
Mt. Carmel Center, Conn. 
Norristown, Pa. 
Oswego, N. Y. 
Clifton Forge, Va. 
New Haven, Conn. 
Quincy, Mass. 
Red Oak, Iowa. 
Saratoga Springs, N. Y. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Bennington, Vt. 
Gilbertville, Mass. 
Clinton, Iowa. 
East Northfield, Mass. 



Juniors. 



MIDDLE CLASS. 



Berry, William Wallace, 


(P) 


Springfield, Mass. 


Boardman, Charles Augustus, (P) 


Norwich, Vt. 


Browne, Thomas James, 


(P) 


Philadelphia, Pa. 


Buxton, Harrison Hall, 


(P) 


Washington, D. C. 


Camp, John Gilbert, 


(S) 


Winsted, Conn. 


Chapin, Wilfred Herbert, 


(S) 


New Britain, Conn. 


Clapp, Carlos Duella, 


(P) 


Adrian, Mich. 


Davis, Albert Beeri, 


(P) 


Fitchburg, Mass. 


*Dodge, Charles Ernest, 


(P) 


Stoddard, N. H. 


*Dodge, George Edward, 


(P) 


Stoddard, N. H. 


Elmer, Charles Walter, 


(E) 


Pittsfield, Mass. 


♦Partial Course. (S) Secretarial Course. 


(P) Physical Course. (E) Educational Course. 



s 



Fish, Alanson Lester, 


(p) 


Ira, Vt. 


Foss, Martin Isaac, 


(p) 


East Williamson, N. Y. 


Goodhue, Joseph Augustus, 


(?) 


Leominster, Mass. 


Greeley, Arthur Howard, 


(S) 


Concord, N. H. 


Hawkins, Lewis Everett, 


(S) 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


*Hebbard, Lewis Eugene, 


(P) 


Bridgeport, Conn. 


Hunter, John George, 


(S) 


Toledo, Ont. 


Ingalls, George Everett, 


(S) 


Lawrence, Mass. 


Jerome, Percy Fray, 


(S) 


Cleveland, O. 


Lantz, John, 


(S) 


Gap, Pa. 


Lehmann, Gotthilf, 


(S) 


Backnang, Germany. 


Ramsey, George McMillan, 


(E) 


Cedarville, O. 


Ross, Robert Stuart, 


(S) 


Norwich, Conn. 


Stokes, Alfred, 


(S) 


Redlands, Cal. 


Tibbetts, Arthur Ta-sun- 






ke-mani, 


(S) 


Fort Yates, No. Dak. 


*White, Armand Elwell, 


(P) 


Brockville, Ont. 



Twenty-seven Middlers. 



SENIOR CLASS. 

Hastings, William Walter, 

Ph. D., (P) West New Brighton, N. Y. 

Mclntire, Herbert Jerome, (P) Springfield, Mass, 

Sanders, Nathan Edwin, B.A.,(P) Grinnell, Iowa. 
Tucker, Charles Rollins, 

M. A., (E) Stoughton, Mass. 

Four Seniors. 



♦Partial Course. (S) Secretarial Course. (P) Physical Course. (E) Educational Course. 



GENERAL INFORMATION. 



OBJECT. 

The Association Training School, at Springfield, aims to 
equip young men for the offices of General Secretary, Physical 
Director and Educational Director in the Young Men's Christian 
Association. Christian young men desiring to fit themselves for 
the directorship of college gymnasiums are also admitted. 

HISTORICAL SKETCH. 

The rapid extension of the association movement between 
1870 and 1880, the erection of large buildings, and the marked in- 
crease in the size of individual associations created a demand 
for trained men. 

In connection with this growing demand for men there has 
been a corresponding advance in the requirements. 

Another important development is the call which has come 
from foreign lands. Secretaries of the associations in Paris, 
Rome, Breslau and Calcutta have been trained at the Springfield 
school. 

It was in response to these appeals that this institution was 
founded by Rev. David Allen Reed, in Springfield, Mass., in 1885, 
in connection with the School for Christian Workers — now the 
Bible Normal College. In 1887 the department for physical 
training, which has prepared 49 physical directors now in the work, 
was added to the institution. In 1890, as the result of a de- 
mand from the associations, the institution was separately in- 
corporated as the International Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion Training School. The following year a desirable property, 
consisting of thirty acres of ground bordering on Massasoit 
Lake, was purchased, and after an heroic effort funds were secured 
for a model gymnasium and athletic field. In response to rapid 
developments in the association world, the Educational Depart- 
ment was established in 1894. The pressing need of a dormitory 
and recitation hall was satisfied by the erection of the present 
attractive headquarters of the institution in 1895, giving the 
school a property valued at $100,000. 

Along with this external development there has been a less 
public but even more important internal evolution. A carefully 
shaped curriculum, extending over three years, and a carefully 
chosen faculty of specialists is the result. 

In 1896 a committee of the trustees (with great care) revised 
and unified the work of the institution. 



IO 

POLICY. 

There are two conceptions of a technical school. One, that 
the instructors should be men who, though devoting their chief 
energy to the work of their profession, are willing to take part of 
their time to meet students, direct their study and give informa- 
tion. This was formerly the method almost universally adopted 
for imparting technical instruction. It has been as universally 
abandoned. In the trades, it was called the apprentice system. 
Young men were bound out to master workmen of varying degrees 
of ability, who taught them simply to do as their fathers had 
done. This has been succeeded in Europe, and more recently in 
America, by the trades schools and industrial institutes, which 
not only teach better, but are constantly leading in improved 
methods of work. In the professions the development has been 
almost parallel. Formerly a young doctor, lawyer, or student 
of divinity was placed under the charge of a member of the pro- 
fession he was seeking to enter. The lawyer directed the read- 
ing of the law student, took him to court, and otherwise guided 
his work. But this method of professional preparation has been 
abandoned in Europe, and is fast passing here. It has been 
found that preparation for a life work is of such vital moment 
that it cannot be left to the casual hours of men who give their 
chief thought and energy elsewhere. 

But more important than this, the most successful schools are 
those which devote the greatest care to fundamental studies and 
principles, and only give actual work sufficient to illustrate these 
principles and secure the necessary skill. A man will have op- 
portunity to gain experience all his life, but he is not likely to 
master the principles of his calling after entering upon it. Actual 
experience gives precedents, rather than guiding principles. 

The higher conception of a technical institution is an historical 
development. The technical and professional schools to-day 
aim both to train men and to advance the particular calling of 
which they are a part. 

The school at Springfield is built upon such a conception, and 
its history has already shown the wisdom of this policy. Its lead- 
ership in physical education, and its contribution to association 
literature and methods have already given it a prominent place. 
In its early days, the trustees were compelled to employ men 
who gave only part of their time to teaching. It has greatly in- 
creased the efficiency of the school to have a faculty of men who 
can devote their whole endeavor to its interests. 'V 



1 1 



THE CURRICULUM. 

The curriculum falls into two divisions. I. The general 
course embracing studies which underlie the work of an Associa- 
tion officer and which are pursued by all students. II. The 
technical courses which give the knowledge and training for the 
particular department of the work which the student expects to 
enter. 

I. The General Course. 

(i.) The Bible Course. (One period daily two years). This 
aims to give the student a knowledge of the Word of God and 
the way to use it. 

In this course, which is fundamental to all the instruction of 
the school, the English Bible is used as a text-book, and a com- 
prehensive view of the entire body of the Scriptures is secured. 
In connection with this central course each student joins a training 
class which meets weekly. Two years are devoted to the subject 
of personal dealing with inquirers, and one year to the use of the 
Bible in public. The third feature of the Bible course consists 
of lectured on Biblical Introduction. 

(2.) The Historical Course. (A.) Two terms are devoted to 
the study of the history of the church. Without attempting any 
elaboration of the development of Christian doctrine, this course 
seeks to familiarize the student with the history of Christianity 
and the great movements which have marked its progress. Espe- 
cial attention is given to the history of the American church. 

(B.) The course in the history of the Young Men's Christian 
Association aims at a minute and comprehensive study of the 
development of this movement in its world-wide aspects. The 
movement is studied, not as an isolated event, but in its relation 
to other religious and social movements. 

(3.) The third division of the general course comprises the 
studies which group around man and his relationships. The aim 
of this course is to acquaint the student with the being who is to 
be the object of his labor in the various relationships of life — 
spiritual, mental, social and physical. The following subjects are 
pursued: physiology, psychology, sociology and ethics. 

In addition to the subjects outlined, all students pursue courses 
in English and vocal music. The course in English, in connection 
with the literary society, seeks to give the student facility in the 
use of language and to train him to appear before an audience. 

II. The Technical Courses. 

The second main division of the curriculum is made up of the 
three technical courses which fit the student for the work of his 
own special department. These courses are based upon the gen- 
eral course^pursued by all, described above. 



I 2 



(A.) Secretarial Course. This course embraces a study of the 
office and duties of a General Secretary; an association seminary 
devoted to the original study of problems in association history; 
and the preparation of a thesis upon some undeveloped theme; 
practical work in the local association, especially in the senior 
year; six terms in athletic and gymnasium work; a study of the 
theory and organization of the physical and educational depart- 
ments of the association; one term in drawing and two terms in 
industrial work. 

(B.) The Physical Course offers a thorough theoretical and 
practical training for this department of association service. 

On the theoretical side, the student studies the mechanics of 
the body, the chemistry of digestion and advanced physiology, 
especially in its applications to the preservation of health and to 
physical training. Attention is given to the theory and organiza- 
tion of the physical department, the study of anthropometry, 
measurements and massage, and the history and literature of 
physical training. Each student does original work which is 
embodied in a thesis. 

On the practical side, three years are devoted to % gymnastic 
and athletic work, giving each student an opportunity to become 
expert as an athlete and gymnast. 

(C.) The Educational Course trains men for the office of educa- 
tional director. This course is similar to that for the general 
secretaryship except that the thesis and the work in the seminary 
are upon themes related to educational work, and instead of 
physical training, an industrial course of two years is given which 
covers drawing, designing and shop work in wood and iron. For 
practice, each student is expected to teach an evening class in 
connection with the educational department of a neighboring 
association. 

CALENDAR. 

Regular meetings of the Trustees on the first Wednesdays of 
September and March, and of the Trustees and Corporation the 
third Wednesday of June. 

Fall Term i Begins Wednesday, September 8th, 1897. 

\ Ends Wednesday, December 22d, 1897. 
Winter Term \ Be § ins Wednesday, January 5th, 1898. 

) Ends Tuesday, March 22d, 1898. 
S rin T rm ^ Begins Wednesday, March 30th, 1898. 
pnng erm ^ c ommencem ent Exercises, June 15th, 1898. 



13 



EQUIPMENT. 

The Dormitory building, which at present is used also for 
recitations, library and offices, is an attractive four-story brick 
structure, overlooking Massasoit Lake. The first floor contains 
the lecture hall, the parlor, known as the "Jubilee Room," the 
reading room, library and offices. 

The three upper floors contain two class rooms, sleeping 
rooms for sixty-four students, and on the fourth floor a dining 
hall and kitchen for the use of the students' boarding club. Each 
floor is provided with lavatories and bath tubs. In the basement 
there are large rooms for chemical, physical and physiological 
laboratories, a bicycle room and store room, besides the furnace 
and engine rooms. 




Dormitory — Dedicated June 17, 1896. 



The School possesses a model gymnasium for physical train- 
ing, with a floor 48 x 74, free from posts, having the usual appa- 
ratus, and in addition, Swedish boms, hand ball court, class 
climbing ropes, seven needle baths with hot and cold water, 
lockers 18 x 18 x 48 inches with combination locks, class rooms 
and examining rooms. 




South End View of Gymnasium Floor, 



'5 




General View of Athletic Park from the Grand Stand, Showing the Students 
Lined Up for Team Ball and the Gymnasium in the Background. 



The athletic grounds cover six acres, with ball field, quarter- 
mile running and bicycle track, tennis courts, etc., and there are 
also boats on the Connecticut River for rowing and paddling. 




School Boats. 



i6 



Workshops for industrial training, consisting of a pattern 
making room, forging room or blacksmith shop, machine room, 
and engine room, have been fitted up in the basement of the 
gymnasium building. 




Machine Room, 



■7 



The School library contains 1,552 books and over 4,000 
pamphlets, the latter being one of the best collections of the publi- 
cations of the Young Men's Christian Association and kindred 
organizations to be found. The library on physical training is 
one of the most complete in English. The reference library is 
open to the students at all times, and the lending section- from 9 
a.m. to 6 p.m. The reading room, always open, has on file four 
dailies, seventeen weeklies, and eight monthlies. 

In addition, the students have access to the Bowne Historical 
Library of American Young Men's Christian Associations, the 
largest collection of books, pamphlets and manuscripts bearing 
on work for young men in existence; also to the Springfield 
Public Library of 97,000 volumes, now ranking the eighth among 
our great circulating libraries. 




Section of Reading Room, Dormitory Building. 



PRACTICAL WORK. 




New Building of the Springfield Association. 



The school stands for 
the most thorough practical 
as well as theoretical train- 
ing. The completely 
equipped building of the 
Springfield association, 
affords opportunity for 
practical work in a city of 
medium size (50,000), while 
several aggressive associa- 
tions, with and without 
buildings, in smaller towns, 
can be reached within a few 
minutes by electric con- 
nections. 




Reception Hall of Springfield Association. 



THE STUDENT ASSOCIATION, 



OFFICERS. 

President, WILFRED H. CHAPIN. 
Vice President, A. H. GREELEY. 
Corresponding Secretary, ROBERT S. ROSS. 
Recording Secretary, FRED YOUNG. 
Treasurer, THOMAS BATES. 

This statement was prepared by the president of the association, W. H. Chapin. 

During the first six months in the new dormitory, the students felt the need of 
a closer union among themselves and a greater unity in the policy of the student 
enterprises. As an outgrowth of this feeling, the idea of forming in the school 
a student Young Men's Christian Association took shape. Upon proposal of the 
scheme, the faculty and students appointed a joint committee to formulate the pur- 
poses of such an organization. They recommended the formation of a student 
association. 

(i.) To unify the student body and systematize the student activities. 
(2.) To develop and train the students in practical methods of association 
work. 

(3.) To systematize and develop the work of the students in connection with 
the Springfield Young Men's Christian Association and the churches. 

(4.) To establish a relationship with the intercollegiate movement. 

Upon this basis an association was formed October 17, 1896, and, after six 
months of experimenting, we now have an effective organization with the support 
of the students and the faculty. 

The work of the Association may be best described through its nine regular 
committees. 

The Executive Committee is made up of the general officers of the association 
and two members of the faculty and, together with the Finance Committee, looks 
after the business interests of the society. 

The Committee on Religious Meetings and Bible Study has charge of the 
devotional services of the students and seeks to stimulate the adoption of systematic 
methods of devotional Bible study. 

The Missionary Committee has charge of the mission-study class, and 
endeavors to enlist the members in the habit of systematic giving. It is now 
working for a missionary library. 

The Literary Committee is the executive committee of the Langdon-Brainerd 
Literary Society. In this branch organization the debates and general literary 
exercises are found of great value to the students. 

The Membership Committee seeks to interest new students in the association 
and, tries in every way to serve them both before and after their arrival. The 
committee also acts as a social committee and gives much time to planning for the 
social life of the members. 



20 



The Physical Department Committee cooperates with the faculty in making 
successful the public gymnastic and athletic events of the school. It aims to 
encourage the spirit of school loyalty. In all athletic games it endeavors to 
develop a sentiment for "clean sport" among the colleges with whom the school 
competes. 

We desire, through the intercollegiate committee, to establish helpful rela- 
tions with the colleges and preparatory schools of our neighborhood. We hope to 
inaugurate definite plans during the coming year. 

The Committee on Outside Work has the planning of the practical Christian 
work outside of the school. For a long time it was felt that such work should be 
on a voluntary, rather than a compulsory basis, and the following is an outline of the 
plan of organization: The committee is composed of four men appointed by the 
president, as are all other committees. The chairman acts as general supervisor of 
the work and the other three men are leaders of the three "squads" into which the 
association membership is divided. Each "squad" has work assigned every 
Sunday. There are three principal lines of work developed at present. 

(i.) The members of the committee on outside work also act as members 
of the religious work committee of the city association. Through this means, a 
large place is given for work in connection with the Sunday afternoon men's 
meeting. This principle also holds true in all departments of the city association 
work. Opportunities for service are also open in other associations. 

(2.) Engagements are made with the churches for the "squads" to lead 
young peoples' meetings and other services. 

(3.) Deputation work in small towns is engaged in, by cooperating with the 
eighth district committee of the state organization. 

The above mentioned work, together with prospective plans for Bible teaching, 
is so graded as to give each man, during his three years' course, a training in the 
various phases of religious work. The efficiency of the work, however, is not 
sacrificed for the sake of the men's training, nor is the desire for practice the 
motive underlying the service. On the other hand, all this organized work is 
arranged for the purpose of giving an outlet for that love and inspiration which 
the regular school work produces in the lives of the men. 

Our relation with the Springfield Young Men's Christian Association is so 
close and cordial that membership in the student association is recognized as good 
in the city association. 

The membership fee in the student association is two dollars per year. 
Tickets from other associations are recognized for the first year of the course. 

Additional expenses are met by subscriptions from friends of the students. In 
this way a beautiful office has been furnished for the use of the association. 

The corresponding secretary and the president would be glad to correspond 
with any prospective students who may desire information of any kind. 



THE TRAINING SCHOOL NOTES AND 
ASSOCIATION OUTLOOK." 



This publication aims to represent the work of the school on 
paper. It contains records of that which is going on at the school 
— among the students, in the classrooms, among the faculty. In it 
is published the original work which is being done by students and 
faculty. Problems of interest and importance among the asso- 
ciations upon which there may be light thrown from the educa- 
tional standpoint are discussed here. A classified bibliography 
of the current literature of the Young Men's Christian Association 
is given monthly. The general design of the paper is to keep all 
those who are interested in touch with the school, and to furnish 
such a discussion of association events, outlook, policy and prob- 
lems, as would naturally come from an educational center. The 
subscription price is $1.00. The whole faculty cooperate in its 
maintenance, but the special editorial responsibility has been 
placed upon Dr. Luther Gulick. 



REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION. 



1. The school is open only to Christian young men, over 
eighteen years of age, who have already shown ability in the direc- 
tion of the work for which they wish to prepare. Each applicant 
must be a member in good standing of an evangelical church, 
and if admitted shall bring a certificate to this effect, and unite 
and work with some church of his choice in this city within the 
first term after his admission. 

2. The equivalent of a good English education is required. 
College graduates can complete the course in two years. 

3. All students upon entering must pass a physical examina- 
tion. Candidates for Physical Training should do this before 
coming. 

4. Business experience is considered very desirable. 

5. Admission should be applied for at least two weeks before 
the opening of the school year (September 8), and students are 
urged to be present at the opening exercises of the school. 

6. If at any time a student shows a lack of the prerequisites 
for success he will be dismissed. 



ESTIMATE OF EXPENSES FOR THE SCHOOL 
YEAR OF FORTY WEEKS. 



The following table is based upon the experience of the past 
five years : — 



Table board (with students' club), 
Furnished room, with light and heat, 

Tuition, 

*Gymnasium suits, .... 
Washing, ..... 
Text and note books, and laboratory supplies, 
Conventions, . . 
Membership in local association, 



$100.00 to $125.00 



50.00 
50.00 

8.00 to 
12.00 " 
12.00 " 
15.00 " 

2.00 " 



50.00 
50.00 
40.00 
20.00 
35-00 
18.00 
10.00 



$249.00 " $348.00 



TUITION Tuition is payable promptly on the last Monday in 
September and January, one-half at each payment. 
Room rent, on last Monday in each month. No reduction of 
rent will be made to a student who engages a room and fails to 
appear at the specified time, nor to one who vacates his room less 
than a month before the close of the school. Rent stops only 
when the room is vacated and the key delivered to the janitor. 
A deposit of fifty cents will be required for each key. 

ROOMS. Each student lodging in the dormitory will care for his 
own room, which must be kept scrupulously clean. He 
will be expected to provide sheets, pillow slips , towels and soap. Beds 
are all single, three feet in width; pillows, 18x26 inches. Rooms 
are liable to inspection. 

Sets consisting of four sheets, two pillow slips, four large 
linen towels, and two large bath towels, all hemmed, can be fur- 
nished by the school for $4.00, if ordered in advance. 



* Students are advised not to purchase gymnasium or athletic suits before coming to the school, as 
the school has regulation colors and suits, which all are expected to wear. 



RECITATIONS, PRACTICE AND 
EXAMINATIONS. 



Each student is expected to have at least three forty-five 
minute class-room exercises each day during five days of the 
week; also at least two hours' daily practice, according to the 
year and department, in gymnastics, athletics, shop work, labora- 
tory work or practical work in the Young Men's Christian 
Association. 

Examinations, either oral or written, are made at the option 
of each instructor. 

Monday is the school holiday. 

A Junior or Middler shall be eligible for promotion only after 
passing satisfactorily in every branch prescribed for the year 
covered, and upon approval of the president. 

A Senior shall be eligible for graduation only after passing 
satisfactorily in every branch of the course, and upon approval 
of the president. 

Conditions imposed in any subject must be met during the 
following term. 

SELF-SUPPORT. 



The institution is unable to offer aid to students. A small 
loan fund, however, has enabled quite a number of students to 
complete their courses. A number find opportunity for work in 
connection with the buildings. Three to four are given teaching 
as assistants in the gymnasium and shop, and a number secure 
positions in neighboring associations. 

CONTRIBUTIONS. 



Inquiries concerning the finances will receive prompt attention 
if addressed to Oliver C. Morse, Corresponding Secretary, and 
remittances may be made payable to his order or to George D. 
Chamberlain, Treasurer. 

FORM OF BEQUEST. 



I give and bequeath to the International Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association Training School, Springfield, Mass., the sum 
of dollars.* 



*Or the testator may specify towards the current expenses; or towards the support of a chair of 
instruction in the General Course, or in any of the departments; or to be used as a loan towards the 
education of students who have shown ability in any of the departments. 



24 



BEQUEST FOR ENDOWMENT. 



I give and bequeath to the International Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association Training School, Springfield, Mass., the sum 

of , to be safely invested by them and called 

the Fund. The interest of this fund 

to be applied to the use of the school.* 



* Or the testator may specify towards the current expenses ; or towards the support of a chair of 
instruction in the General Course, or in any of the departments ; or to be used as a loan towards the 
education of students who have shown ability in any of the departments. 

PERPETUAL LOAN FUND. 



For the purpose of founding a perpetual loan fund in the 
International Young Men's Christian Association Training School, 
Springfield, Mass. [or any of its departments, if so stated], I 
hereby give the sum of five thousand dollars — or its equivalent in 
good securities at cash value — to be safely invested by them, the 
income to be loaned toward the education of students who have 
already shown ability in the school. 

INFORMATION. 



For information concerning the school apply to L. L. Doggett, 
President, or Oliver C. Morse, Corresponding Secretary. 



BI-CENTURY CLUB. 



To maintain the school's work on its present plane of efficiency, 
a yearly income of $20, coo, aside from tuition fees and room 
rentals, is required. This is divisible into 200 shares of $100 
each, and an effort is now being made, with the cordial sanction 
and cooperation of the trustees, to place these shares in the form 
of annual subscriptions of $100 each. 

To place all of them for this year, and perhaps the next few 
years, may make it necessary to ask some friends to take from 
two to five shares; but the aim is to increase the number of 
shareholders, as speedily as possible, to 200, and so form a 
Bi-Century Club of $100 supporters. 

An endowment fund of $2000 serves to place one share per- 
manently, and so far three have been thus placed, providing the 
school with $300 annually towards its current expense fund. 



THE CURRICULUM. 



L GENERAL COURSE. 

1. Bible. (a) Introduction. 

(b) Old Testament. 

(c) New Testament. 

(d) Training Class. 

2. History, (a) Christianity. k 

(b) Association. 

3. Man. (a) Anatomy and Physiology. 

(b) Psychology and Pedagogy. 

(c) Sociology. 

(d) Ethics. 

4. Physical Training. (Junior Year.) 

5. Additional Studies. 



H. TECHNICAL COURSES. 

1. Secretarial, (a) Work of the General Secretary. Theory 

and Practice, 
(b) Seminar Work on Association Themes. 

2. Physical. (a) Work of Physical Director. Theory 

and Practice, 
(b) Seminar Work on Physical Depart- 
ment Themes. 

3. Educational, (a) Theory. 

(b) Industrial Course. 

(c) Teaching of Night Classes. 

N. B. The general work of the Educational Department is 
studied in connection with the study of the association as a 
whole, and special topics, such as the educational classes, library, 
reading room, literary society, etc., are taken up in connection 
with the technical secretarial studies. 



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GENERAL COURSE. 



This course, which forms the foundation of the curriculum, aims to fit students 
to be leaders in spiritual work. It seeks to train each student to lead others to 
Jesus Christ, and to teach the Bible. It aims to acquaint him with the Young 
Men's Christian Association and its field. It also seeks to deepen the student's 
spiritual life, broaden his intellectual horizon and to promote mental discipline. 

L BIBLICAL COURSE, 

(A) The Course in Biblical Introduction. The course in Biblical introduction 
is intended to place the student in possession of the history of the Bible, as well 
as the proof of its truth and inspiration. Such topics are treated as the canon, the 
history of the text, and what are sometimes called the internal and external, or the 
moral and historical, evidences of Christianity. 

(B) The English Bible. [No definite arrangement has yet been consummated 
for an instructor.] An essential of spiritual leadership is a knowledge of the 
Scriptures. This is fundamental in the preparation for any position in the associ- 
ations. It is the aim of the institution that every student who enters its ranks 
shall gain a knowledge of the Bible, and it is believed that the course here offered 
will prove attractive, not only to men who are preparing, but to men already in the 
service who may desire a year of special Bible study. Two years are devoted to a 
study of the text. The course includes the study in outline of all the books in the 
Old and New Testaments in their chronological order. The student is expected 
to read each book in accordance with the directions of the instructor, to recite 
upon its facts in the class room, and to prepare an outline of analysis for future 
use. In this way not only are the contents of the Scriptures mastered, but the 
mind is trained in the preparation of Bible readings, etc., and the inner spiritual 
life quickened through the truth. It will be readily seen that this course does not 
aim to give courses which can be reproduced in the local associations, but to give 
a comprehensive study of the entire body of the Scriptures, which will enable 
the student to lay out courses himself as may be necessary. 

(C) The Training Classes. These classes have an intimate relation to the 
practical Christian work of the students during their entire course. The Junior 
and Middle years are devoted to the study of methods for dealing with individuals. 
The great questions of regeneration and the use of the Bible with the unsaved 
form the subject matter of this study. In the Senior year this hour is devoted to 
the use of the Bible in public. Attention is given to the preparation of Gospel 
addresses, Bible studies and the best methods of teaching Bible classes. 

II. HISTORICAL COURSE. 

A. The History of Christianity. (Two terms). 

The history of Christianity is not mere ecclesiastical history. It is the history 
of the Kingdom of God, or the history of man from the standpoint of Christianity. 



23 



The object of the study is twofold : — 

(i.) To find God in the history — to trace His footsteps, to think His thoughts 
after Him, and to discover the law of His dealings with men. 

(2.) To find man in the history — to follow the seekings of men after God and 
the law of human progress. 

The method of the study is : — 

(1.) To master the facts of this history — to become familiar with the essential 
movements in the historic development of the Kingdom of God. 

(2.) To arrange these facts so that their relation and significance shall 
appear — to develop the "historic sense" and the capacity to measure men and 
movements. 

(3.) To interpret these facts — to cultivate the power to see in history the 
progressive revelation of the nature and will of God and the nature and destiny of 
man. 

The text-book will be "The History of the Christian Church," by Prof. 
Fisher. 

B. Association History. (Two terms). 

The aim of this course is to acquaint all students with the history and 
development of this great movement. Careful attention is given to the forces in 
the church, and the conditions of social life which made such a movement necessary. 
The association is studied, not as a local or national, but as a world-wide endeavor. 
In the first period, 1844 to 1855, especial attention is given to the London work 
and its formative influence. In the second period, 1855 to 1878, recognition of 
the leadership of the American work requires especial attention to the movement 
on this continent. In the third period, 1878 to 1897, more attention is given to 
the spread of the movement throughout the world. This course studies the devel- 
opment of the association, its organization and polity, and the fixed principles 
which govern its operation and its relation to the church. 

IE. THE STUDY OF MAN AND HIS RELATIONSHIPS. 

The object of this course is to gain as thorough a knowledge as possible of 
the being who is to be the object of the lifelong endeavor of all who enter associa- 
tion service. This course is arranged in recognition of the unity of man's threefold 
nature, with the conviction, that the religion of Jesus Christ is adapted to redeem 
man in his entirety — body, mind and spirit. 

A. Physiology. (Three terms). 

This study begins with a course of lectures, calculated to show man's place in 
the whole universe, including the unorganized and organized world, and to put 
him into relation with these by applying the law of "Conditioning and 
Conditioned." 

A study of the body is then begun with the most simple analysis into trunk, 
limbs, head, and all that can be readily observed. 

This naturally leads to the study of the mechanics of the body. Then by 
means of dissections of animals in the laboratory we discover the different systems 
making up the body (muscular, osseous, nervous, etc.), and the organs associated 
in forming the apparatuses (circulatory, digestive, respiratory, reproductive, etc.). 



29 



The student then picks out the muscles and names them, assisted by charts, 
demonstrations and experiments; the bones, naming and classifying them, aided 
by the skeleton. Bone, muscle, nerve, etc., are then studied as regards function, 
structure and relations. 

In the same way every organ composing the several apparatuses is minutely 
studied till a complete analysis results. 

He then collects and combines all the physiological properties possessed by all 
the tissues, and discovers that the original cell, from which developed this complex 
structure by the process of differentiation, possessed all these powers. 

A study of the growth and development of the body then naturally follows. 
Careful study is then given to the external and internal conditions which tend to 
promote health in this complex structure, as well as the best thing to do in case an 
injury should occur to any part of it. 

B. Psychology. (Two terms). 

This course immediately follows physiology and is a study of the intellectual 
man. Keeping strictly in mind the relations to other phases of activity, both 
physical and spiritual. 

The subject is considered under four heads: 

(i.) The physical basis of mind. 

(2.) The conditions for effective mental activity. 

(3.) The faculties of mind. 

(4.) The operations of mind. 

The first comprises a study of the brain and its functions, the organs of 
special sense, sensation, habit, and such other subjects as properly belong under 
physiological psychology. Much that is often considered under the title of per- 
sonal purity and allied subjects will be considered under this head. 

The second head comprises a study of consciousness, attention and habit, and 
an attempt will be made to present them in a way most practical to students 
engaged in the study of young men. 

Under the "faculties of mind" are studied the intellect, sensibilities and will, 
with an endeavor to discover the laws underlying the growth and development of 
the mind. 

This will likewise be presented in a practical way, aiming to discover how 
character is built, first, for the student's own good, and second, to equip him with 
knowledge essential to leadership. 

The fourth head includes the operations of acquisition, or the acquiring of 
knowledge, with the processes of assimilation, or the making over of the acquired 
material, depositing it as a part of one's own character, and the reproduction or the 
expression of the character to others. 

This leads to the application of psychology to education under the general 
title of 

Pedagogy. (One term). 

Here study is given to the curves which show the relative development of the 
acquisitive, the assimilative, and the expressive powers at different ages; those 
showing relative emphasis on the work to be done, and those showing relative 
emphasis in instructing, developing and training the mind. 



5° 



The student thus arrives at the principles of method, which form the basis for 
applied pedagogy in the different courses. 
This course occupies two terms. 

C. Sociology. (Two Terms.) 

The aim of the course is to familiarize the student with the most serious 
economic and social problems which he will meet in his work, and the fundamental 
economic and social laws which must be recognized in all reform movements. 

OUTLINE. 

First Term. Economic Introduction. 

The economic interpretation of history. 
Outline history of economics. 
Fundamental principles of economics. 
Social economic problems: 

Social and economic inequality. 

The labor problem. 

Characteristics of modern industrialism'. 
Industrial combinations. 
Industrial control, etc. 
Second Term. Sociology Proper. 

Definitions, scientific relations, methods, divisions. 
Descriptive Sociology. The observation and classifica- 
tion of social phenomena. A study of social con- 
stitution. 

Explanatory or Dynamic Sociology. The explanation 
of the causes and reasons of social phenomena. 
A study of social forces. 

Constructive Sociology. The formulation of social ideals 
A study of the best methods of maintaining and 
developing social well being and preventing social 
ill. The social ideals of Christ. 

D. Ethics or Moral Philosophy. (One Term.) 

Special emphasis will be laid on the Christian law of conduct and its application 
to the individual and society. 

JUNIOR YEAR, Physical Training, Dr. Gttlick. 

(Two periods daily.) 
The Junior physical work is the same for all students. 

Field. Instruction is given in field athletics, running, jumping, hurdling, 
tennis, baseball, football, etc. 

Gymnasium. Instruction is given in plain marching, special attention being 
paid to the best formations for handling large classes. After a study of the typical 
gymnastic positions in calisthenic exercises, sample drills are taught with dumb- 
bells, heavy Indian clubs, pulley weights and elementary exercises on the heavy 
apparatus. Emphasis is laid on the hygienic work, which permits large classes to 
be handled effectively. 



3i 



Additional Studies. 

(A) English. The ability to use the English language is of the utmost 
importance. Few men achieve such excellence in English but that they covet 
the opportunity for further study. Throughout the course students are required to 
present papers and essays in different branches, which are revised and criticised 
by instructors. 

In the junior year a three hour course is given in the study of English and 
models of English literature, with especial attention to composition. 

(B) Vocal Music. One hour per week in the Junior year is given to chorus 
work under a competent director. This course aims : (i) To acquaint the student 
with the gospel music which has been adapted to male voices. (2) To teach how 
to sing this music. (3) To teach the reading of easy music. (4) To fit the 
student for leading the music at a men's gospel meeting. 

(C) During 1897-98 the institution will offer courses in physics and chemis- 
try for Juniors who are preparing for the physical directorship. These subjects 
will be pursued sufficiently to enable the student to understand the mechanics of 
the body and the chemistry of digestion. Students who can pass satisfactory 
examinations will not be required to take these branches. 

Conventions. 

(D) The school aims, by conventions and conferences, and actual work, to 
bring the students into touch with the current affairs of the association. During 
the past year the school, at the invitation of the Connecticut state committee, 
attended in a body, the Connecticut state convention at Middletown, Conn. 
During March the New England secretaries' conference held its sessions for three 
days at the school dormitory, affording the students an opportunity to come into 
close touch with association life. The conference has accepted the invitation of 
the trustees to hold its meeting for 1898 also at the school. 

Lectures. 

One of the most gratifying opportunities for the study of association problems 
has been afforded by the lectures given from time to time by association leaders. 
During the past year the following lectures have been given : 

"The Work of the Railroad Department," by Mr. George A. Warburton, of 
New York; " The Young Men of India," by Professor Satthianadhan, of Madras; 
"The Secretaryship," by Mr. John Glover, of New York; "The Educational 
Department," by Mr. George B. Hodge, of New York; " The American Move- 
ment from 1851 to i860," by Hon. Cephas Brainard, New York; "The 
American Movement from i860 to 1870." by R. R. McBurney, New York; "The 
American Movement from 1870 to 1880," by Richard C. Morse, New York; 
"Conditions of Success in the Secretaryship," by Mr. J. L. Johnson, Springfield, 
Mass. 



THE TECHNICAL COURSES. 



During- the Junior year all students pursue the general course, but from that 
time on while a part of the time of each day is occupied with the general course, 
an increasing proportion of the students' time and energy is put into special tech- 
nical study in the departments to which they intend to devote their lives. 

A. THE SECRETARIAL COURSE. 

Object : — Training for the Special Duties of the General Secretaryship. 

(J) The Young Men's Christian Association. 

The Field and Its Limits. 

The work, why needed. A definite work by and for young men. The aim 
distinctively religious. Relation to the church. Relation to other religious 
societies. 

The Organization. 

When and how to organize. The constitution. Branches and sub-organiza- 
tions. The directors and officers. 
« The Membership. 

Classes. How to secure members. The membership committee. How to 
retain members. Development of active members. The associate membership 
and its relations. 
The General Secretary. 

His relation to churches and pastors, to officers, directors and committees, to 
other employees, to the business community, to his fellow secretaries. Accepting 
a call. Beginning work. Correspondence. System. Statistics. [Studying 
human nature. Dress. Conversation. Economy. Health. Growth — spiritually, 
intellectually and socially. Securing and training employed officers — demand and 
supply, methods of training. 
The Association Home. 

Advantages of owning a building, location, arrangement, construction, equip- 
ment. The care of the home — repairs and safety, order and cleanliness. How to 
get a building — preparatory work, the canvass, cautions. The building move- 
ment, its beginning and growth. 
The Boys Department. 

Necessity, aim and benefit. Organization and relationships. Different 
classes of boys. Supervision. Methods and agencies — religious, educational, 
physical and social. 

The Work among Special Classes of Men. 

College students — history, organization, methods, outgrowths. Railroad men 
— history, aim and benefits, organization and finance, rooms and methods. Com- 
mercial travelers — the field, work and agencies. Other nationalities and races — 



33 



the field, the German work, the colored work, etc. Miscellaneous classes — soldiers 
and sailors, mutes, lumbermen, firemen, street car employees, etc. 
Women's Work for Young Men. 

Organization and methods. 
State and Provincial Work. 

The state committee. Finances. The state secretary. The state convention 
— preparatory work by the state committee, preparatory work by the local associa- 
tion, at the convention. The district work — the committee, conferences, 
intervisitation, corresponding- members. The relation of the local association and 
secretary to the general work of supervision and extension. 
The American International Work. 

History and organization. The field. The work — supervision and extension, 
correspondence, publications, securing and training employed officers, aid to 
building enterprises, aid in securing funds, aid to state and other conventions, help 
in disaster. Secretaries of the committee. International finances. International 
conventions. Day and week of prayer. Work among young men in foreign 
lands — policy, relationships, methods. 
The W or Id's A lliance. 

History, organization and work. 
Text-Book. 

"Handbook of the History, Organization and Methods of Work of Young 
Men's Christian Associations — Edition of 1892." This book was prepared 
primarily for the use of this school. 

(2) Seminary Work. 

The object of this course is to study at first hand the documentary sources of 
the Young Men's Christian Association, and to learn the art of original investiga- 
tion. A rich and unworked field is presented to the student in the many undevel- 
oped themes in association history and by its unsolved problems. During the 
Middle year students in the secretarial and educational courses study themes akin 
to their departments. In the Senior year a thesis is prepared upon a theme agreed 
upon by the student and instructor. 

Students in the seminary meet weekly for a two-hours' session in the class 
room, and are expected to devote two hours daily to research. The historical and 
physical libraries available to students make this work of great value. 

(3) Practice. 

All methods of work treated in the secretarial course are fully illustrated by 
approved blanks and printed matter, and as often as possible practice is required. 

In addition to the extended practice in the physical and educational work of 
the school, the secretarial students are required to unite and work with the Spring- 
field Young Men's Christian Association throughout the entire course, to do regular 
service on one or more of the association's standing committees, and to attend all 
stated meetings of the committees to which appointed. 

Each is required to unite with the literary society and to participate in its 
work. 

Each is required, unless excused, to attend at least one young men's meeting 
weekly, and if possible, regularly to teach a Bible class. 



34 



All are given practice in using the library ; in preparing reports of committees, 
minutes of meetings, items for newspapers and bulletins, printers' copy and proof 
reading ; are expected to attend, each year at least, two association conventions, 
and to report the same in writing, upon their return. 

Frequent delegations of students are assigned to conduct services for young 
men in the towns and villages of the Eighth Association District of Massachusetts. 

(4) Physical Training, 

For the fall and winter terms (25 weeks), the secretarial students continue the 
physical training already begun in the Junior year. Two periods daily are taken 
up with the training in field and gymnasium. A complete description of this 
course is given on pages 34-39. With the spring term of the Senior year the course in 
physical training is again resumed. 

(5) Industrial Course. 

The secretarial Middlers will take up drawing during the spring term. The 
course will be very similar, but much briefer, than the course for the educational 
Middlers described on pages 39-40. They will spend about three weeks on design 
and letter drawing, and will, during this time, be required to make original 
sketches for advertising posters, etc. Five weeks will be spent on mechanical 
drawing. This course includes geometric projections, developing surfaces, with a 
few lessons on the more advanced work. Enough attention will be given to archi- 
tectural drawing during the remaining weeks of the term to enable students to 
intelligently understand architectural drawings. In the Senior year, the work of 
the fall and winter terms consists of mechanical laboratory practice, similar in 
exercises, but much shorter than that taken by the educational department students. 
The object is to give them an intelligent knowledge of the principles of operation 
involved in the various kinds of machines, the use of tools and machine con- 
struction ; making it possible for them to converse intelligently with mechanics and 
artisans of all classes, and also plan courses in industrial subjects. The important 
feature in the course is individual original work. Following the course in design 
and lettering, students do original work in producing designs for posters, circulars 
and general advertising matter. Following the course in architectural drawing is 
required an original drawing of a building with plans, elevations and details; and 
following mechanical drawing and mechanical laboratory practice, the design and 
construction of a complete model or machine. 

B. PHYSICAL COURSE. 

Luther Gulick, M. D M James McCurdy, M. D. 

Object. To furnish "normal Christian physical education" to those preparing 
to become directors of the physical work of the Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tions, or of colleges. 

The duties of a modern physical director demand that he shall be able to make 
an intelligent examination of the person who comes to him for advice ; that he 
shall be able to wisely counsel with him in regard to food, clothing, sleep, work, 
exercise, and in general all those topics which are related to "living at one's best ;" 
to put men into the condition of highest vitality and effectiveness in any line, is 
his first work. He must take into account the intimate relationships existing 



35 



between body and mind, and must understand their mutual effects. He must 
know how to prescribe exercise for the diseased who are often sent to him by 
physicians. He must be able to make his gymnasium a place of real recreation as 
well as of body building. 

To accomplish these various ends, he must know the body and its laws 
(anatomy, physiology and hygiene). He must have a detailed knowledge of the 
effects of exercise upon the body (physiology of exercise). He must know how to 
get men into the best condition for the performance of any physical effort 
(training). He must be acquainted with the fundamental relations existing 
between a man's reproductive system and his bodily, mental and spiritual states 
(personal purity). He should know what to do in case of accidents (first aid to the 
injured). He must be able to make an intelligent examination of the heart, lungs, 
and other organs (physical examination). He must know how to measure and test 
men, and how to study these measurements in groups (anthropometry). He must 
know how to prescribe exercise for those needing remedial gymnastics sent to him 
by physicians (prescription of exercise)., He must have at his service the experience 
of those of the past (history, literature, philosophy of physical training). He must 
be perfectly familiar with all the work which he is to- use or teach (gymnastics, 
athletics, aquatics, games, sports, etc.). He must be familiar with details of the 
management of the physical department of the institution with which he will prob- 
ably be connected (physical department of a Young Men's Christian Association). 

Location. 

There is no part of the country where athletics are more fostered, where 
the college athletic teams are better trained, or where the local Young Men's 
Christian Associations are more vigorous in their physical work, than in the 
associations and colleges of New England. 

The students visit the majority of the following named first-class gymnasiums 
during their course : The Association Gymnasiums at Worcester, Boston, Cam- 
bridge, Holyoke, Hartford, New York, 23d street, Harlem, Brooklyn. College 
Gymnasiums, Harvard, Amherst, Yale. Athletic Clubs, Boston Athletic Club, 
New York Athletic Club. Normal Schools of Gymnastics, Boston Normal, 
Baron Posse, Harvard, Mary Allen Y. W. C. A., Dr. Anderson. 

From nowhere else in the country could this valuable experience be gained 
with so little expenditure of time and money. 

The fine building and gymnasium of the local association afford illustration of a 
model work. 

THE COURSE, 

MIDDLE YEAR, Theory. Dr. J. H. McCurdy. 

(During the first two terms, five hours per week). 

Physiology, and Physiology of Exercise. The class will pursue a course in 
special physiology based upon the general course of the Junior year (see page 26). 
The study of the last term will include an application of the facts which relate 
especially to physical training, together with experimental work upon assigned 
subjects. The text-book for the last term will be the outline prepared by the 
student. "Physiology of Exercise," by Lagrange, and "Physical Education," 
by Treves, will be reviewed. 



3" 



Physical Department, Theory. (Five hours per week.) During the spring- 
term the following subjects will be considered : 

The Gymnasium. I. Construction. 2. Equipment. 3. Organization. 4. 
Advertising, terms, newspaper, prospectus, etc. 5. Gymnastic Pedagogy. 
6. Gymnastic and Athletic Technique. 

The class studies the construction of the gymnasium, locker rooms, bath 
rooms, bowling alleys ; also the construction and management of athletic grounds. 

Under Equipment they will study the most approved methods of fitting up the 
gymnasium and grounds for physical exercise. 

Under Organization, the physical department committee and its relation to the 
board of directors ; sub-committees ; leaders' corps, athletic committee, outing and 
Bible study committee. 

Advertising the physical department. 

Pedagogy consists of a discussion of the common faults in teachers, the best 
class formations, the essentials to be considered in selection of " leaders." 

Under Technique will be studied the athletic and gymnastic rules, the manage- 
ment of contests, field days, etc. 

MIDDLE YEAR, Practice. Dr. Seerley. 

Two periods daily will be devoted to gymnasium and field work during the 
year. The aim is to qualify students as teachers of gymnastics, athletics and 
aquatics. A minimum of time will thus be spent in practice of mere feats of 
strength or skill in any of these branches. Emphasis is placed on the enthusiastic 
pushing of those exercises which are of chief value to the average man in the 
associations. Muscular strength and coordination are to be developed only so far 
as they increase vitality. 

Every subject throughout the course is studied and practiced from the stand- 
point of its usefulness as a physical or moral agent in the peculiar conditions 
obtaining in the Young Men's Christian Associations. Class rather than individual 
work, accordingly, is emphasized, the elements of recreation and moral discipline 
are striven for. The work done in the associations is rapidly evolving. The aim 
is to fit the student for the new movement rather than for the old. The progres- 
sion in gymnastics, athletics and aquatics will be as rapid as is consistent with 
thoroughness. The course continues for the physical-course-students during all 
three years. The secretarial men will have the first five terms and the educational 
the first three terms. 

The fall course in athletics will consist of events which can be done in any 
level field with little expense for the preparation of the grounds. It is believed 
many associations refrain from taking up athletics because they do not know of 
the excellent sports which require but little special apparatus. 

This course will include field evolution with calisthenics, hare and hound 
chases, cross country runs, football, minton and field hockey. 

The Spring Athletic Course will take up track and field events. Each student 
will be taught the standard events and the best methods of coaching for each. 

The Track Events which are emphasized are the 100-yards dash, 220, 440, 
880, the mile run and hurdling. The field events are pole vaulting, high jumping, 
broad jumping, shot putting and hammer throwing. Instruction is given during 
the spring in baseball and golf. 



37 



Physical instruction indoors progresses along the following lines : Class evolu- 
tion, calisthenics, games, apparatus exercises and indoor athletics. 

In class evolutions, the marching system by Dr. A. T. Halsted will form the 
basis for all work. 

Calisthenics will be taught by (first) giving the principal positions derived 
from the fundamental standing position and (second) by standard drills with the 
dumb-bells, wands, bar bells and Indian clubs. 

Games. Basket ball and volley ball receive due attention, also such gymnastic 
games as circle ball, three-deep, hand wrestling, Indian wrestling, etc. 

Apparatus exercises. Instruction is given on the horizontal bar, parallel bars, 
German horse, buck, Swedish bom, traveling rings, flying rings and pulley weights. 

The Middle class continues the practice of marching (begun in Junior year), 
supplementing it with fancy marching and maze running. The wands and Indian 
clubs receive special attention. Intermediate exercises on the heavy apparatus 
consist of exercises adapted for leaders and classes in the intermediate grade. The 
athletic side of gymnastics is pushed, i.e. those exercises which require strong legs 
and trunk rather than those which demand large arms and shoulders. 

SENIOR YEAR, Theory. Dr . Luther Gulick. 

History, Philosophy and Literature of Physical Training. (24 weeks.) 

Sketch of Greek history as related to Greek games. Greek gymnastics. 
Greek dances. Rythm. Dancing and religion. Greek ideas of exercise as related 
to health. 

Life and work of Jahn. The German turners. Ling and his work. Athletics 
in England as a system of physical training. General playing of games. Com- 
parison of school gymnastics, popular gymnastics and athletics. Ethical element 
in athletic sports. Life and work of Delsarte. Physical training in France. 

Physical training in America : Dio Lewis, Sargent and Hartwell. Physical 
training in public schools, in colleges. North American Gymnastic Union. Phys- 
ical department of the Young Men's Christian Association. Sketch of rise of 
physical training in several city associations. Work of William Wood. R. J. 
Roberts. 

The work in this subject will be carried on (1) by lectures. (2) By prescribed 
reading. In this way the best literature of the subject will be covered. (3) By 
the investigation of some historical subject, the writing of a paper and its presenta- 
tion before the class. 

Prescription of Exercise. Six weeks. Dr. Luther Gulick. 

The use of exercise as affecting : 

Form. (a) The thorax. Effect of prolapse of viscera. Methods for their 
restoration. (b) Position of the shoulders, raising and lowering 
shoulders. ^Etiology of unevenness. (c) Shoulder blades flattening 
against the trunk. (d) The building up of small parts. (e) The 
reduction of fat. (f) Bone growth, (g) Spinal curvatures. 

Vitality, (a) Special need of exercise during present civilization, (b) Neuras- 
thenia, (c) Deficient nutritive ability. (d) Relation of exercise to 
vitality, (e) Exercise with reference to temperament, (f) Large versus 
small dosage, ,(g) Insomnia, (h) Migraine. 



3» 



Diseases, (a) Congestions, (b) Hernia, (c) Constipation, (d) Cardiac weakness. 

(e) Cardiac insufficiency. (f) Partial paralyses. (g) Indigestion. 
(Various forms.) 

The writing out of prescriptions to suit special cases. Strength 
tests as a basis for prescription. 
The object of the course is to enable the student to prescribe exercise intelli- 
gently. In so far as this laps over the field of medical practice in the treatment of 
disease, the aim is to enable the student to take the general instructions of the 
physician, render them definite and carry them out effectively. The limitations of 
this treatment are carefully considered. 

Anthropometry, Six weeks. Dr. Luther Gulick. 

Recording, tabulating measurements, mathematical discussion of anthropo- 
metric data. Use of charts in recording individual lines. Laws of growth during 
adolescence. Relation of height to weight. Weight to strength. Weight to lung 
capacity. Strength and weight to lung capacity. 

Strength tests. How taken. Their value. 

SENIOR YEAR, Theory, Dr. J. H. McCurdy. 

(One period daily during fall-spring terms.) 
Mechanics of the Body. Based on physics and anatomy. Study of the bones, 
articulations, muscles, muscle insertions, leverage ; of the combined action of 
muscles and mechanism of bodily movements, with special application to 
gymnastics and athletics. Demonstration on individuals, of muscular origin, inser- 
tion and action. 

Physical Examination. " Physical Diagnosis," Loomis. Study of the appear- 
ances, conditions, defects and deformities likely to be met with in the examining 
room ; method of examining the heart, lungs, etc. , to prepare the student to assume 
such responsibilities as may properly rest upon the physical director, and to protect 
those who may come under his charge against unwise exercise and habits of life. 

Massage. Handbook of Massage, Kleen. The technique of massage and 
physiological effects. General principles as applied to development and training. 
Massage of sprains and strains. Medical massage is not included. 

Training, 

Condition. Importance of dietetics; rest and work; stimulants. 

Habit. Technical training for each event ; speed ; quickness starting ; the 
nerve element in performances. 

Muscle. Strength as an element in contests; its relations to condition, habit 
and endurance. 

Wind. Endurance in continuous events, such as running, rowing; in dis- 
continuous events, jumping, etc. 

SENIOR YEAR, Practice. Dr. McCurdy. 

Two periods daily will be devoted to gymnasium and field work during the 

year. 

The Seniors' practice consists of first, normal work ; second, instruction, with 
special stress on normal practice. 



39 



Springfield and surrounding cities offer many opportunities for such work. 
Seven students are at present teaching in addition to their school work. A regular 
part of this year's work consists of normal practice in the new association gymna- 
sium, and also in managing the sports and games which are conducted throughout 
the year on Saturdays at the school. Each student is required to arrange courses 
for different classes, for example, for the boys, the young men or the business men's 
classes. 

Instruction is given in those wrestling, sparring and single stick exercises 
which are adapted for class work. Elementary tumbling will be taught. A 
sample bar bell drill is given, also advanced exercises on the heavy apparatus. 

Swimming receives attention. The various strokes are taught and practiced ; 
rescuing of the drowning, the righting of a capsized canoe or boat, diving, etc. 

The elements of rowing, paddling and sailing are taught. 

Students are expected during the course to visit the large gymnasiums of either 
Boston or New York, and that of either Harvard, Yale or Amherst ; also to 
attend each year two conventions, one of the Young Men's Christian Association 
and the other of the American Association for the Advancement of Physical 
Education. 

C THE EDUCATIONAL COURSE, 

The object of this course is to fit candidates for the office of educational 
director in the Young Men's Christian Association. It has been established to 
meet the increasing demands of this important department. It is especially 
desirable that students should pursue a college course before entering the school. 
The educational course falls into four divisions : 

1. The general course. 

2. The industrial course. 

3. Selected features from the secretarial course. 

4. Practice in teaching night classes in neighboring Young Men's Christian 
Associations. 

The Junior year and general course are the same for all students and have 
already been described. 

The most characteristic feature of the educational course is a recognition 
of the great development in industrial branches which has taken place in recent 
years. Beginning with the Middle year an hour and a half daily are devoted 
during two years to drawing, and shop work in wood and iron. 

The course is divided as follows : Design drawing, eight weeks; mechanical 
drawing, eighteen weeks; architectural drawing, eight weeks. 

The course in design, covering a period of eight weeks, consists of a compre- 
hensive study of the history of design, including the principles of symmetry and 
proportion as applied to design and lettering. The object of this course is to give 
students a comprehensive training in the art of originating circulars, posters, 
printed matter, etc. 

The next division, covering a period of eighteen weeks, is mechanical drawing. 
Beginning with the first principles the course includes geometrical exercises, 
geometric figures of curved and straight lines, orthographic projections of lines, 
point and curves, with a short course in isometric perspective and development of 
surfaces. 



4° 



The remaining eight weeks of the year are spent on the principles and 
elementary work in architectural drawing, giving some proficiency in this important 
branch. At least enough of the principles are taught to enable students to under- 
stand drawings of buildings, and to make drawings of simple buildings. After 
completing this course, each student will be expected to make an original design 
of an association building or department, with sufficient plans, elevations 
and details. 

During the Senior year one hour and one-half daily are given to practical work 
in the shop. The course consists first, of work in wood, with lectures on wood 
working tools, their use, how to care and sharpen same, with practical applications 
of exercises involving the use of these tools, together with illustrations of the 
proper methods of dealing with the various kinds of woods used in construction. 

After this preliminary course with the hand wood-tools there will be given 
practice with wood working machinery, especially on the wood lathe, power saws 
and machine planer. The application of this course will be made in pattern 
making and various forms of advanced construction. 

The work in iron begins with forgings of simple forms in common iron, in 
order that the students may first become familiar, in a practical way, with the 
effect of a high degree of heat upon metal. This involves exercises not only in 
forging, but also welding. After the student has become somewhat familiar with 
the work in iron, exercises in steel are introduced, such as the forging and temper- 
ing of tools for various kinds of work. 

The work in iron and steel in the machine room consists of exercises in chip- 
ping and filing, giving opportunity to make practical tests of the principles taught 
in forging. The work on machine tools is planned to give opportunity for the 
application of the principles previously considered, emphasizing the value and 
importance of teaching by exercises, involving the principles of competitive con- 
struction. During the spring term the aim is to combine all the previous training 
in drawing and construction by the designing and building of a simple machine or 
complete model illustrating a mechanical motion. 

(C) The theoretical side of the educational course is given in connection with 
the secretarial course. In the Middle and Senior years, the students are required, 
in an association seminary, to study themes which bear particularly upon the work 
of the educational department. In the Senior year each student is expected to 
present a thesis that involves original research. In the Senior year four hours 
weekly are devoted to a study of the organization and work of the Young Men's 
Christian Association. The work of the educational department is studied in 
detail. Such subjects are considered as the reading room, library, literary soci- 
eties, lectures and practical talks and educational classes. In considering the 
evening class work, attention is given to the various methods of studying the field, 
the courses of study most needed by the different classes of men, the planning of 
classes, the selection of teachers, and the practical application of the principles of 
pedagogy to the educational work of the association. 

(D) Pedagogy is studied in the general course in the spring term of the Mid- 
dle year. Special attention is given to its application to night class work. Each 
student is expected to take charge of evening classes in neighboring Young Men's 
Christian Associations two nights weekly, and to ally himself with the educational 
work of that association. 



STUDENTS NOW ENGAGED IN ASSOCIA- 
TION WORK. 



MAY 1897. 



The following is an approximately correct list of students now 
in the work that have been under regular instruction in the 
International Young Men's Christian Association Training School, 
at Springfield, Mass., up to anpl including the class of '96. 



Allen, Lewis Warren, 
Allen, Winfred Emery, 
Andrew, William Alexander, 
Archibald, Lyman Walker, 
Austin, Lewis Seybolt, 

Baldwin, Harry Anderson, 
Ball, William Henry, 
Ballard, Lyman Ellsworth, 
Banning, George Wheelock, 
Bell, Arthur Ferguson, 
Black, Walter Orlando, 
Bond, Thomas Parsons, 
Boucher, Clarence Root, 
Brierley, James Alfred, 
Brown, Arthur White, 
Browne, Thomas James, 
Burkhardt, Frederick William, 
Bursley, Charles McClellan, 

Canfield, James Edward, 
Carey, Charles Henry, 
Carey, Wilbert Franklin, 
Carruthers, Frederick Fayette, 
Carson, Albert Thompson, 
Chapman, William Francis, 
Cobleigh, Irving Vasa, 
Colton, Oscar Clement, 
Cook, John Wesley, 
Cotton, Arthur Norman, 

Daum, William Fletcher, 
Davey, Joseph John, 
Davis, William Henry, 



95- 
91. 
93- 
95- 

91. 
91. 

94- 

89. 

94- 
92. 

93- 
87. 
96. 

94- 
98. 

93- 
96. 



Phys. Director, Hartford, Ct. 

Phys. Dir., Earlham College, Richmond, Ind. 

Gen'l Secretary, Taunton, Mass. 

Phys. Director, Hamilton, Ont. 

Gen'l Secretary, Dover, N. J. 

Gen'l Secretary, Knoxville, Tenn. 
Phys. Director, Montreal, Que. 
Phys. Director, 23d St. Br., N. Y. City. 
Phys. Dir., Colgate Univ., Hamilton, N. Y. 
Gen'l Secretary, Halifax, N, S. 
Phys. Director, San Diego, Cal. 
Phys. Director, Milwaukee, Wis. 
Gen'l Sec'y, R. R. Br., Covington, Ky. 
Gen'l Secretary, Mt. Vernon, N. Y. 
Phys. Director, Grand Rapids, Mich. 
Phys. Director, Sioux Falls, So. Dak. 
Phys. Director, Ger. Br., Buffalo, N. V. 
Phys. Director, Bangor, Me. 



Gen'l Secretary, 
Phys. Director, 
Gen'l Secretary, 
Gen'l Secretary, 
Gen'l Secretary, 
Ass't Secretary, 
Gen'l Secretary, 
Gen'l Secretary, 
Gen'l Secretary, 
Ass't Secretary, 



Maysville, Ky. 
Dallas, Tex. 
South Bend, Ind. 
Hastings, Neb. 
Plattsburg, N. Y 
Montreal, Que. 
Norwich, Ct. 
Quincy, Mass. 
Bridgeport, Ct. 
Rochester, N. Y. 



Gen'l Secretary, Passaic, N.J. 
Sec'y Boys' Dept., W. Side Br., N. 
Ass't vSecretary, Bridgeport, Ct. 



4 2 



Day, George Edward, '93. 
Denman, Wm. Van Benschoten, '95 

Dickson, Henry David, '90. 

Dietz, Henry Louis, '94. 

Downey, Jerry Edward, '98. 

Dudley, Joseph Matthews, '95. 

Durand, William Balch, '95. 

Eagleson, Archie Charles, '96. 

Edwards, James Henry, '90. 

Exner, Max Joseph, '92. 

Fagg, Frederick Dowe, '88. 

Fairbanks, William Austin, '94. 

Fleming, George, '91. 

Flindt, Albert Edward, '90. 

Freer, Harvey Washington, '95. 

Gabler, George Lewis, '94. 

Garland, Albert Ellsworth, '91. 

Gay, Ernest Gordon, '96. 

Gillett, Burt Wood, '87. 

Godtfring, Frederic William, '90. 

Googins, Clinton Hallett, '96. 

Greene, Sylvester Charles, '88. 

Greenwald, James Andrew, '96. 

Halsted, Alfred Thompson, M.D., 

Haskell, Claire Ellis, '93. 

Hebbard, Lewis Eugene, '98. 

Herdman, John Robert, '96. 
Heywood, Charles Edward Alfred, 

Holman, Frank, '94. 

Horner, Rudolf, '94. 

Huntress, Louis Maynard, '96. 

Ishikawa, Gen Samuro, '92. 

Jackson, Joseph Proctor '89. 

Jessop, William, '98. 

Jones, Alfred Kirk, '90. 

Karnes, Emmett Gilbert, '99. 

Kesty, Charles E., '98. 

Killam, Frank, '95. 

King, Elisha Alonzo, '94. 

Kinnicutt, William Henry, '94. 

Kruemling, August William, '88. 



Gen'l Secretary, Lynn, Mass. 

Phys. Director, Reading Pa. 
Gen'l Secretary, Buffalo, N. Y. 
Phys. Director, San Francisco, Cal. 
Ass't Phys. Director, Fitchburg, Mass. 
Gen'l Secretary, R. R. Br., Toronto, Ont. 
Phys. Director, Buffalo. N. Y. 

Gen'l Secretary, Westboro, Mass. 

Gen'l Secretary, Reading, Pa. 

Phys. Dir. Carleton Col., Northfield, Minn. 

Gen. Sec. 26th Ward Br., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Gen'l Secretary, Gloucester, Mass. 
Gen'l Secretary, Kansas City, Kan. 
Gen'l Secretary, Bay City, Mich. 
Gen'l Secretary, Bellows Falls, Vt. 

Phys. Director, Bridgeport. Ct. 

Phys. Director, Albany, N. Y. 

Gen'l Secretary, Gardner, Mass. 

Gen'l Secretary, Manchester, N. H. 

Sec. Ger. Br., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Phys. Director, Charlestown, Mass. 

Gen. Sec. Union Depot Br., St. Louis, Mo. 

Phys. Director So. Side Br. , Pittsburg, Pa. 

'91. Phys. Director, Springfield, Mass. 

Phys. Director, Denver, Colo. 

Phys. Director, Mt. Vernon, N. Y. 

Gen'l Secretary, Belleville, Ont. 

'98. Phys. Director, Plainfield, N. J. 

Phys. Director, London, Ont. 

Gen. Sec. Ger. Br., San Francisco, Cal. 

Phys. Director, Oswego, N. Y. 

Gen. Sec. Japanese Br., San Francisco, Cal. 

Gen'l Secretary, Dallas, Tex. 
Gen'l Secretary, Summit, N. J. 
Phys. Director, St. Joseph, Mo. 

Sec. R. R. Ass'n, Gladstone, Va. 
Gen'l Secretary, Bloomsburg, Pa. 
Phys. Director, Brockton, Mass. 
Gen'l Secretary, Newport, Ky. 
Phys. Director, Cleveland, O. 
Gen'l Sec. So. Side Br., St. Louis, Mo. 



Lantz, Christian, 
Larimore, Irving W., 
Law, Frederick Harvey, 



'94. 
'91. 
87. 



Gen. Sec, Greenpoint, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Phys. Director, Des Moines, Iowa. 
Gen'l Secretary, Chicopee, Mass. 



43 



Locher, William Walter, 
Lohans, Herman Henry, 
Loring, Benjamin Tappan, 
Lotze, William George, 
Lovejoy, Bertram Eugene, 

Mahan, Frank, 
Marshall, Fraser Grant, 
Martin, Charles Alvin, 
Martin, Rufus Jonathan, 
Mason, Lucius Julius, 
Maylott, Worthy Francis, 
McCleery, William James, 
McCurdy, James Huff, M. D., 
MacDonald, Finley Grant, 
McGown, Chester Stowe, 
MacKay, Angus Murdoch, 
McKee, William Charles, 
McLeod, Alexander W., 
MacPhie, Duncun Angus, 
Merrill, Frank Herbert, 
Messer, Louis Adolphus, 
Mogge, Ernest Lewis, 
Monroe, Edwin Dewitt, 
Moyer, Elkanah Dewilla, 
Murray, Murdoch Kenzie, 

Norris, James Hervey, 

Otto, Henry Ladd, 

Page, John, 
Page, Pierson Sterling, 
Parker, Anson Lindsley, 
Patton, Thomas Duncan, 
Pirazzini, Agide, 
Pollard, David Wright, 
Powlison, Charles Ford, 
Powter, Charles Barrett, 
Pratt, Frank Magee, 
Price, Charles Herbert, 

Rideout, Melvin Bragdon, 
Ridgeway, John William, 
Rogers, D wight Leete, 
Ross, Maurice, 

Ruggles, Edward Packenham, 

Schoerke, Bernhard Alexander, 
Seerley, Frank Newell, M. D., 
Simons, Eltham Leslie, 



90. 

'95. Sec. Ger. Br., Buffalo, N. Y. 

'93. Phys. Director, Lynn, Mass. 

'88. Gen'l Secretary, Denver, Col. 

'96. Gen'l Secretary, North Adams, Mass. 

'93. Gen'l Secretary, Charlotte, N. C. 

'90. Prov'l Sec. Maritime Provinces, Truro, N. S. 

'95. Gen'l Secretary, Milton, Pa. 

'94. Phys. Director, Northampton, Mass. 

'96. Ass't Phys. Director, Milwaukee, Wis. 

'95. Gen'l Secretary, Millbury, Mass. 

'94. Gen'l Secretary, Yarmouth, N. S. 

'91. Inst. Y. M. C. A. Tr. Sc., Springfield, Mass. 

'93, Gen'l Secretary, Reading, Mass. 

'95. 

'89. Gen'l Secretary, Hamilton, Ont. 

'91. Sec. So. Side Br., Pittsburg, Pa. 

'87. Gen'l Secretary, Ogden, Utah. 

'89. Ass't State Sec. Massachusetts. 

'95. Phys. Director, Richmond, Va. 

'96. Phys. Director, New Bedford, Mass. 

'95. Gen'l Secretary, Geneva, N. Y. 

'96. Gen'l Secretary, Oswego, N. Y. 

'95. Gen'l Secretary, Steelton, Pa. 

90. Gen'l Secretary, Bath, Me. 

89. Gen'l Secretary, Canton, Ohio. 

'96. Phys. Director, Geneva, N. Y. 

95. Gen'l Secretary, Gait, Ont. 

'94. Asst. Phys. Director, 23d St. Br., N. Y. City. 

'90. General Secretary, Detroit, Mich. 

'92. Gen'l Secretary, Winnipeg, Man. 

'96. General Secretary, Rome, Italy. 

'94. Phys. Director, Pawtucket, R. I. 

'89. Gen'l Secretary, Holyoke, Mass. 

'96. Ass't Phys. Director, Montreal, Can. 

'87. Gen'l Secretary, Toronto, Ont. 

'96. Ass't Phys. Director, Hartford, Ct. 

'93. 

'96. Gen'l Secretary, Berlin, Ont. 

94. Gen'l Secretary, Northampton, Mass. 

'94. Phys. Director, Fitchburg, Mass. 

'95. Phys. Dir., Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa. 

'96. Phys. Director, Meriden, Ct. 

'90. Inst. Y. M. C. A. Tr. Sc., Springfield, Mass. 

'96. Secretary R. R., Hornellsville, N. Y. 



44 



Slater, Frank James, 
Smith, Aurelius Blanchard, 
Smith, Harvey Leigh, 
Smith, John Peter, 
Spence, Donald McKay, 
Stephens, Duncan Calder, 
Stockwell, Albert Pike, 
Stolte, Deidrick, Jr., 
Stratton, Arthur Talmage, 
Symonds, William H., 

Teague, Frank William, 
Theis, Paul Eugene, 
Thompson, John George, 
Triplett, Edward Mason, 

Vinson, James, 

Von Starck, Waldemar, 

Welzmiller, Louis, Jr., 
Winslow, George Henry, 
Wittwer, Carl Edward, 
Worth, Elbridge Morseman, 
Wyman, William Hutchinson, 



98. Phys. Director, Bay City, Mich. 

96. Phys. Director, Newton, Mass. 

93. Phys. Director, Galveston, Texas. 

91. Gen'l Secretary, San Diego, Cal. 

92. Gen'l Secretary, Lawrence, Mass. 

94. Gen'l Secretary, Lansingburg, N. Y. 

92. Gen'l Secretary, Calcutta, India. 

96. Ass't Phys. Director, Central, Brooklyn, N.Y. 

88. Gen'l Secretary, Pawtucket, R. I. 
87. Gen'l Secretary, Somerville, Mass. 

89. Gen'l Secretary, Portsmouth, N. H. 

91. Gen'l Secretary, Paris, France. 

93. Gen'l Secretary, New Glasgow, N. S. 

94. Ass't Secretary, Burlington, Iowa. 

92. Gen'l Secretary, Birmingham, Ala. 

90. Gen'l Secretary, Breslau, Germany. 

94. Phys. Dir. West Side Br., New York City. 

91. R. R. Secretary, Kansas City, Mo. 
89, Ass't Ger. Br., Buffalo, N. Y. 

94. Gen'l Secretary, Lock Haven, Pa. 

89. Gen'l Secretary, Chelsea, Mass. 



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Do you think? 



Do you know the difference between crucible and open 
hearth steel ? 

Do you know the difference between a steel forging and 
a casting? 

Do you understand how a part of a bicycle made of forged 
steel is better than a part bent up out of sheet metal 

If you know these things, it will be easier for us to sell you 
a Victor bicycle. 

You should know that bicycles are not advertisements, not 
name plates, not noise. 

Bicycles are 

First, Material ; 
Second, Work. 

You can know all about your bicycle by carefully examin- 
ing these two things. 

Remember, most bicycles are made to sell ; not to ride. 

Few bicycle makers invite the rider to examine carefully 
into all material used before buying. We like this way of 
selling bicycles. The more you inquire, the better pleased 
we are. 

Victor bicycles cost more to build than other bicycles, and 
they are worth more. 

If you have a high grade neck, ride a high grade wheel. 
We prefer to say "Victor grade," since it means more. 

Catalog on application. 

OVERMAN WHEEL CO. 

NEW YORK. BOSTON. CHICAGO. 

DETROIT. DENVER. 
SAN FRANCISCO. PORTLAND, ORE. 

P. S. Did you know that the Overman Wheel Co. built the first bicycle in the world 
without castings? 

Castings are one of the curses of bicycles. 

Castings are cheap for the maker, but dangerous for the rider. 



IF YOU ARE IN NEED 
... OF A ... 

that will produce a perfect picture, obtain the 



CAMERA 



Hawk-Eye, Jr. 

which will be found 

A FAITHFUL FRIEND 
AT ALL TIMES. 

The simplicity of its working parts 
enables the novice to obtain results that 
will astonish old photographers. 

Loads in daylight and uses either 

ROLL FILM OR GLASS PLATES. 

Size, 4^x4^x6^ in. Photo, 3j^x 
3^ in. Weight, 20 oz. 




Send for catalog, giving descriptions 
of all kinds of cameras. 



The Blair Camera Co, 



PRICE, $8,00 



22 RANDOLPH STREET, 
BOSTON, MASS. 



STURTEVANT 
BLOWERS AND FORGES. 



For Manual 

Training 

Schools* 




We plan and fit 
up such shops 
complete. Send 
for forge cata- 
logue No. 91. 



The jSturtevant Blower System of Heating and Ventilation 

By a forced circulation of warm air. 

(Send for art catalogue on school work, No. 83, describing the system in 250 buildings.) 

B. F. STURTEVANT CO. Works, Boston, Mass. 

WAREROOMS: 

34 Oliver Street, Boston. 131 Liberty Street, New York. 16 So. Canal Street, Chicago. 

135 No. Third Street, Philadelphia. 75 Queen Victoria Street, London. 

21 West Nile Street, Glasgow. 87 Zimmerstrasse, Berlin. 
2 Kungsholmstorg, Stockholm. 



The 

National 
Papers are 
Especially adapted 
To the Amateur. 

We manufacture 

GLACE (celloidine) 
GELATINE (insoluble film) 
CARBON MATT and 
PHOTOGRAVURE BOARD 

The most artistic print-out paper ever produced. 

NO MOUNTING REQUIRED. 

SEND FOR CIRCULARS. 

National Photo 
Paper and Chemical Co. 

SPRINGFIELD, MASS. 



CABINET 
GROSS 
LIST* 

Glace, $1.00 

Matt XX, 2.00 

Matt, 1.50 

Gelatine, .75 




WARWICK 

TANDEMS, both rigid and 

CUSHION FRAMES 

Ladies' and Gentlemen's Machines with 

FULL FLUSH FRAMES 

and single piece cranks (that do not break). 

"D *<a T T and Highest 

bunt on Honor gg^ 

Also we meet the popular demand for a medium 
priced high grade wheel in our Models 45 and 46. 
All of above with Cushion Frames if required. 

HAMPDENS and LADY HAMPDENS at stui lower prices. 

Send for catalogue or call at the Agency, 86 Worthington Street. 



\)^arwick Qyck ]\7[fg* Qo. f 

Springfield, Mass., U. S. A. 



So S4I +f 

International Young 
Men's Christian Association 
Training School Catalogue 
1897-98 



DENSMORE 



Typewriter 




The OHAHA EXPO- 
SITION adopted the 
Densmore exclu- 
sively as its OFFI- 
CIAL TYPEWRIT- 
ER and has about 
thirty in use. 



"Its (the typewriter's) educative value is greater, in proportion to its cost, 
than that of any other device now used in the public schools for the teach- 
ing of any branch." These words are from one of Chicago's leading edu- 
cators, Principal W. E. Watt. 



HANDIEST, 
SIMPL ES T 

EASIEST TO LEARN and 

TO KEEP IN ORDER- 
HENCE 



Best for Schools. 



ADOPTED BY THE BROOKLYN BOARD OF EDU- 
CATION IN 1897, AND AN ORDER FOR DENSMORES 
GIVEN. 



FROM THE U. S. GOVERNMENT. 

"Department of the Interior, 

Washington, September 2, 1896. 
We have now in use in the Bureaus of this Department nearly 125 
Densmore machines. We have had no complaint from the users of them, 
hence we conclude they are giving entire satisfaction. 

Respectfully, 
(Signed) HIRAM BUCKINGHAM, Custodian." 



Densmore Typewriter, 

316 Broadway, New York. 



.THE Sturtevant 

System 



of 

Heating and Ventilation 



Furnishes a positive amount of warm or tempered air 
under pressure, insuring perfect Heating and Ventila= 
tion. It is adapted to all Public Buildings, Schools, 
Halls, Hospitals and Large Industrial Plants. 



The International young men's Christian association 
Training School Building Has This System in Use. 



Send for Catalogue. 



B. F. Sturtevant & Co., 



BOSTON. 



NEW YORK. PHILADELPHIA. 



CHICAGO. LONDON, ENG. 



THIRTEENTH CATALOGUE 



OF THE 



International 
Young Men's Christian Association 
Training School 



SPRINGFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS 




I 897-98 

With Prospectus for 1898-99 

June, 1S9S. 



CALENDAR. 



Regular meetings of the Trustees on the first Wednesdays of 
September and March, and on the second Friday in June. 

Annual meeting of the Corporation on the second Friday in 
June. 

School financial year, September 1 to August 31. 

1808. 

September 11 — Wednesday, . . . Beginning of Fall Term. 

November 23-28, Thanksgiving Recess. 

December 21 — Wednesday, .... Ending of Fall Term. 

1899. 

January 4 — Wednesday, . . . Beginning of Winter Term. 

March 18 — Saturday, Ending of Winter Term. 

March 21-23, . . New England Secretaries' Confererence 

(at the Dormitory Building). 
March 29 — Wednesday, . . . Beginning of Spring Term. 

June 9 — Friday, Commencement Exercises. 

September 13 — Wednesday, . . . Beginning of Fall Term. 



For information concerning the School, apply to L. L. Dog- 
gett, President, or Oliver C. Morse, Corresponding Secretary. 



CORPORATORS. 



The names of the Trustees are italicized. 



Australia, N. S. W., Sidney, David Walker. 

Victoria, Melbourne, H. A. Wilcox. 
France, Paris, E. Buscarlet. 
Germany, Berlin, Count Andreas Bernstorff. 
England, London, M. H. Hodder. 

W. H. Mills. 
Scotland, Glasgow, W. M. Oatts. 

Portobello, R. H. Smith. 
Hawaii, Honolulu, Hon. Henry Waterhouse. 
Ireland, Belfast, Robert McCann. 
India, Madras, W. Reierson Arbuthnot. 

" " David McConaughy, Jr. 

Japan, Tokio, John T. Swift. 

South Africa, Adams, Natal, George B. Cowles. 
Sweden, Stockholm, Baron Edward Barnekow. 
Switzerland, Geneva, Rev. Gustave Tophel. 
Manitoba, Winnipeg, R. J. Whitla. 

T. D. Patton. 
Nova Scotia, Halifax, E. W. Gorton. 
Ontario, Toronto, F. M. Pratt. 

Thomas S. Cole. 
" " Robert Kilgour. 

Quebec, Montreal, D. A. Budge. 

" George Reid. 
D. W. Ross. 
F. W. Kelley. 
Alabama, Birmingham, Jas. Bowron. 

" " Joseph Hardy. 

California, Oakland, Noel H. Jacks. 

San Francisco, H. J. McCoy. 
Colorado, Denver, Donald Fletcher. 

" " Jas. Naismith. 

Connecticut, Bridgeport,/. W. Cook. 

Frank Russell, D. D. 
" Hartford, Henry Roberts. 

New Britain, F. G. Piatt. 
" New Haven, W. G. Lotze. 

" Norwich, E. A. Prentice. 

" Stamford, C. L. Reid. 

Georgia, Atlanta, W. Woods White. 
Illinois, Chicago, I. E. Brown. 

A. A. Stagg. 
" " Robt. Weidensall. 

Indiana, Richmond, Albert G. Shepard. 

" Indianapolis, T. A. Hildreth. 
Iowa, Des Moines, W. A. Magee. 

" " E. D. Sampson. 

Kansas, Topeka, R. B. Gemmell. 
Kentucky, Louisville, T- L. Wheat. 
Maryland, Baltimore, W. H. Morriss. 

" Hagerstown, R. S. Crawford. 
Massachusetts, Amherst, Merrill E. Gates. 
" Boston, R. M. Armstrong. 

O. H. Durrell. 
" Charles A. Hopkins. 

G. W. Mehajfey. 

H. M. Moore. 
Campello, Prestoti B. Keith. 

" Fitchburg, Frederick Fosdick. 

T. E. McDonald. 
Lynn, George E. Day. 
Manchester, Russell'Sturgis. 
Nantucket, E. A. Lawrence. 
" Springfield, Dr. W. F. Andrews. 

Fred W. Atkinson. 
" Charles H. Barrows. 

" " H. H. Bowman. 

J. T. Bowne. 
" " Geo. D. Chamberlain. 

L. L. Doggett. 
" D. F. Graham. 

Luther Gulick, M. D. 
" " J. L. Johnson. 

" " Henry S. Lee. 

John McFethries. 
" " Arthur G. Merriam. 

Oliver C. Morse. 
Rev. D. A. Reed. 



Massachusetts, Springfield, C. H. Southworth. 

W. E. Waterburv. 
" Wilbraham, W. R. Newhall. 

" Worcester, Wm. Woodward. 

Michigan, Detroit, C. M. Copeland. 

u " H. G. Van Tuyl. 

Minnesota, St. Paul, Thomas Cochran. 
Missouri, Kansas City, Witten McDonald. 

G. H. Winslow. 
" St. Louis, George T. Coxhead. 
" " Thomas S. McPheeters. 

Nebraska, Omaha, J. C. Denise, M. D. 
New Hampshire, Concord, Allen Folger. 

" Portsmouth, F. W. Teague. 

New Jersey, Morristown, A. W. Lunbeck. 
" Newark, Aaron Carter. 

" New Brunswick, Frank L. Jane<vay. 

Plainfield, C. W. McCutchen. 
W. D. Murray. 
" Summit, Charles B. Grant. 

New York, Addison, Burton G. Winton. 
" Albany, Clarence Valentine. 
Brooklvn, F. B. Pratt. 

F. B. Schenck. 
" " Edwin F. See. 

Buffalo, Henry Bond. 

" S. M. Clement ■ 
" " John B. Squire. 

Geneva, T. C. Maxwell. 
Jamestown, W. A. Keeler. 
Medina, W. A. Bowen. 
New York, Cephas Brainerd. 
" " Thomas K. Cree. 

" " C. C. Cuvler. 

H. D. Dickson. 
" " F. S. Goodman. 

" " George A. Hall. 

" " Walter Hughson. 

R. R. McBurney. 
" l " Richard C. Morse. 

J. (yardner Smith, M. D. 
" " Erskine Uhl. 

" Geo. A. Warburton. 

A. J. D. Wedemever. 
L. D. Wishard. 
Rochester, Rev. John H. Elliot. 
Troy, C. W. Dietrich. 
No. Carolina, Davidson College, Prof. H. L. Smith. 
Ohio, Cincinnati, H. P. Lloyd. 
" Cleveland, F. E. Barton. 

A. D. Hatfield. 
" G. K. Shurtleff. 
" Dayton, G. N. Bierce. 

E. L. Shuey. 
Pennsylvania, Erie, C. W. Davenport. 

Philadelphia, John H. Converse. 

Thos. DeWitt Cuylei . 
Rev. Wallace MacMullen. 
Pittsburg, S. P. Harbison. 
" " Benjamin Thaw. 

" Scranton, H. M. Boies. 

. " C. H. Zehnder. 
Rhode Island, Providence, H. S. Conant. 

W.E. Co I ley. 
South Carolina, Charleston, A. T. Jamison. 

" Columbia, A. T. Smythe. 

Tennessee, Chattanooga, J. B. Millig'an. 
" Knoxville, James H. Cowan. 

Nashville, J. B. O'Bryan. 
Texas, Dallas, A. F. Hardie. 

Fort Worth, William C. Winthrop. 
Galveston, H. L. Smith 
Vermont, Brattleboro, J. J. Estev. 

Burlington, W. J. Van Patten. 
" Montpelier, A. J. Howe. 
Virginia, Richmond, Joseph Bryan. 

" " L. A. Coulter. 

Washington, vSeattle, E. C. Kilbourne. 



OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES, 1897-98. 



President. 

L. L. DOGGETT, Ph. D., Springfield, Mass. 

Vice - Pres ide n t . 
PRESTON B. KEITH, Campello, Mass. 

Treasurer.. 
H. H. BOWMAN, Springfield, Mass. 

Recording Secretary. 
J. T. BOWNE, Springfield, Mass. 

Corresponding Secretary. 
OLIVER C. MORSE, Springfield, Mass. 

Executive Committee. 

Dr. W. F. Andrews, Springfield, Mass. 
Richard C. Morse, New York City. 

with the President and Treasurer, ex officio. 

Building Committee. 

John McFethries, Springfield, Mass. 
Geo. D. Chamberlain, Springfield, Mass. 
Chas. A. Hopkins, Boston, Mass. 
J. T. Bowne, Springfield, Mass. 
D. F. Graham, Springfield, Mass. 
with the President, ex officio. 

Committee on Instruction. 

Fred. W. Atkinson, Springfield, Mass. 
W. R. Newhall, Wilbraham, Mass. 
F. B. Pratt, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
H. M. Moore, Boston, Mass. 
Erskine Uhl, New York City. 



FACULTY. 



L. L. DOGGETT, Ph. D., President, 20 Westford Avenue, 

History and Organization 
of the Young Men's Christian Association. 

J. T. Bowne, 121 Northampton Avenue, 
Librarian and Instructor in Association Methods. 

Luther Gulick, M. D., 250 Alden Street, 
History and Philosophy of Physical Training. 

Oliver C. Morse, 219 Florida Street. 
Christian Evidences. 

F. N. Seerley, M. D., ISO Westford Avenue, 
Physiology and Psychology. 

H. M. Burr, 159 Princeton Street, 
Christian History, Sociology and Ethics. 

D. F. Graham, 179 Alden Street, 
Educational Course. 

James H. McCurdy, M. D., 308 Eastern Avenue, 
Applied Physiology, Gymnastics and Athletics. 

W. G. Ballantine, D. D., LL. D., 321 St. James Avenue, 

The Bible. 



Francis Regal, West Springfield, 
English. 

Names arranged according to length of service. 



STUDENTS, \ 897-98. 



SENIOR CLASS (1898). 



Browne, Thomas James, 
Camp, John Gilbert, 
Chapin, Wilfred Herbert, 
Clapp, Carlos Duella, 
Davis, Albert Beeri, 
Elmer, Charles Walter, 
Fish, Alanson Lester, 
Goodhue, Joseph Augustus, 
Greeley, Arthur Howard, 
Hawkins, Lewis Everett, 
Hunter, John George, 
Ingalls, George Everett, 
Jerome, Percy Fray, 
Lantz, John, 
Lehmann, Gotthilf, 
Randal, Ernest Grant, 
Ross, Robert Stuart, 
Stokes, Alfred, 
Tibbetts, Arthur Ta-sun-ke- 
mani, 



(P) 


Philadelphia, Pa. 


(S) 


Winsted, Conn. 


(S) 


New Britain, Conn. 


(P) 


Adrian, Mich. 


(S) 


Fitchburg, Mass. 


(E) 


Pittsfield, Mass. 


(P) 


Ira, Vt. 


(P) 


Leominster, Mass. 


(S) 


Concord, N. H. 


(S) 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


(S) 


Toledo, Ont. 


(S) 


Lawrence, Mass. 


(S) 


Cleveland, O. 


(S) 


Gap, Pa. 


(S) 


Backnang, Germany. 


(E) 


Phoenix, Ariz. 


(S) 


Norwich, Conn. 


(S) 


Redlands, Cal. 


(S) 


Fort Yates, North Dak. 



Nineteen Seniors. 



MIDDLE CLASS (1899). 

Bates, Thomas, (S) Hamilton, Ont. 

Boardman, Charles Augustus, (P) Norwich, Vt. 

Bolger, Thomas Fidelis, (S) Piqua, Ohio. 

Braman, Sidney Thompson, (P) North Adams, Mass. 



♦Partial Course; (S) Secretarial Course; (P) Physical Course; (E) Educational Course. 



Campello, Solone di, 
*Dodge, Charles Ernest, 
* Dodge, George Edward, 
Doolittle, Sherwood Burdett, 
Foss, Martin Isaac, 
Goodale, William Benjamin, 
Kraus, Edward August, 
Merritt, Joseph Elbridge, 
Pryce, William Morris, 
Sherrill, John Hall, 
Shoemaker, Arthur, 
Smith, Roy Evelyn, 
White, Robert Seaman, 
Young, Fred, 



(S) Rome, Italy. 

(P) Stoddard, N. H. 

(P) Stoddard, N. H. 

(S) Mt. Carmel Center, Conn, 

(P) East Williamson, N. Y. 

(S) Oswego, N. Y. 

(E) New Haven, Conn. 

(P) Quincy, Mass. 

(P) Red Oak, Iowa. 

(S) Memphis, Tenn. 

(P) Philadelphia, Penn. 

(S) Anagance, N. B. 

(S) New Haven, Conn. 

(P) East Northfield, Mass. 



Seventeen Middlers. 



JUNIOR CLASS (1900). 



Baily, Mahlon Gregg, 
Bennett, William Henry, 
Bond, Roy, 

Booth, Clifford Thurman, 
Brainard, Thomas Marshall, 
Camp, Charles, 
Chesley, Albert Meader, 
Crawford, Merrell Walter, 
Dautrich, Carl, 
*Downey, Jerry Edward, 
Hunter, George Higgins, 
Hutchins, Frederick Jefferson, 
Jewett, Nelson Josiah, 
Lester, Simon Floyd, 
*Lowrie, John Joseph, 
Mertens, William Frank, 
*Miller, Linwood Benjamin, 
*Moses, Franklin, 
Nason, Samuel Kelsey, 
Nesbitt, John, 



(S) Philadelphia, Pa. 

(P) Taunton, Mass. 

(P) Cassopolis, Mich. 

(P) Pittsburg, Pa. 

(S) North Adams, Mass. 

(P) Rochester, N. Y. 

(P) Lynn, Mass. 

(S) Detroit, Mich. 

(P) Torrington, Conn. 

( P) Fitchburg, Mass. 

(S) Hamilton, Ont. 

(P) Fulton, N. Y. 

(P) Richland, Mich. 

(S) Fulton, N. Y. 

(S) Gloucester, Mass. 

(S) Passaic, N. J. 

(P) Portland, Me. 

(S) Providence, R. I. 

(P) Gloucester, Mass. 

(P) Mount Vernon, N. Y. 



*Partial Course; (S) Secretarial Course; (P) Physical Course; (E> Educational Course. 



10 



Record, Charles Sturges, 
Saunders, Walter Warren, 
Simons, John Franklin, 
Swan, Horace Cheney, 
*Tomlinson, Edward, 
Vaughan, Harland, 
Von den Steinen, Edward, 
Wittig, Richard Leonhard, 

Twe 



(P) Saratoga Springs, N. Y. 

(P) Frederick, Md. 

(S) Hornellsville, N. Y. 

(P) Roxbury, Mass. 

(S) Gilbertville, Mass. 

(S) Bridgeport, Conn. 

(P) Cleveland, O. 

(P) Galveston, Texas. 

•-nine Juniors. 



♦Partial Course; (S) Secretarial Course; (P) Physical Course; (E) EducationaljCourse. 



OBJECT. 



This School aims to equip young men for the offices of Gen- 
eral Secretary, Physical Director and Educational Director in 
the Young Men's Christian Association. Christian young men 
desiring to fit themselves for the directorship of college gymna- 
siums are also admitted. 

HISTORICAL SKETCH. 

The rapid extension of the Association movement between 
1870 and 1880, the erection of large buildings, and the marked 
increase in the size of individual Associations created a demand 
for trained men. 

In connection with this growing demand for men there has 
been a corresponding advance in the requirements. 

Another important development is the call from foreign 
lands. Secretaries of the Associations in Paris, Rome, and 
Breslau have been trained at this school. 

It was in response to such appeals that this institution was 
founded by Rev. David Allen Reed, in Springfield, Mass., in 
1885, in connection with the School for Christian Workers. In 
1887 the department for physical training, which has prepared 
a large proportion of the physical directors now in the work, 
was established. In 1890, as the result of a demand from the 
Associations, the institution was separately incorporated as the In- 
ternational Young Men's Christian Association Training School. 
The following year a desirable property, consisting of thirty 
acres of ground, bordering on Massasoit Lake, was purchased, 
and after an heroic effort funds were secured for a model gym- 
nasium and athletic field. In response to rapid developments 
in the Association world, the Educational Department was 
established in 1894. The pressing need of a dormitory and 
recitation hall was satisfied by the erection of the present at- 
tractive headquarters of the institution in 1895, giving the School 
a property valued at $100,000. 

Along with this external development there has been a less 
public but even more important internal evolution. A carefully 



12 



shaped curriculum, extending over three years, and a compe- 
tent faculty of specialists is the result. 

In 1896 a committee of the trustees revised and unified the 
work of the institution. 

POLICY. 

There are two conceptions of a technical school. One, that 
the instructors should be men who, though devoting their chief 
energy to the work of their profession, are willing to take part 
of their time to meet students and direct their study. This 
method of imparting instruction was formerly almost universal. 
It has been as generally abandoned. In the trades, it was 
called the apprentice system. Young men were bound out to 
master workmen of varying degrees of ability, who taught them 
simply to do as their fathers had done. This has been succeed- 
ed in Europe, and more recently in America, by the trades 
schools and industrial institutes, which not only teach better, 
but are constantly leading in improved methods of work. In 
the professions the development has been almost parallel. For- 
merly a student of law, medicine, or divinity was placed under 
the charge of a member of the profession he was seeking to en- 
ter. The lawyer directed the reading of the law student, took 
him to court, and otherwise guided his work. But this method 
of professional preparation has been abandoned in Europe, and 
is fast passing here. It has been found that preparation for a 
life work is of such vital moment that it cannot be left to the 
casual hours of men who give their chief thought and energy 
elsewhere. 

But more important than this, the most successful schools are 
those which devote the greatest care to fundamental studies 
and principles, and only give actual work sufficient to illustrate 
these principles and secure the necessary skill. A man will 
have opportunity to gain experience all his life, but he is not 
likely to master the principles of his calling after entering upon 
it. Actual experience gives precedents, rather than guiding 
principles. 

This higher conception of a technical institution is an histori- 
cal development. The technical and professional schools to-day 
aim both to train men and to advance the particular calling of 
which they are a part. 



[3 



This School is built upon such a conception, and its history 
has already shown the wisdom of this policy. Its leadership in 
physical education, and its contribution to association literature 
and methods have already given it a prominent place. In its 
early days, the trustees were compelled to employ men who 
gave only part of their time to teaching. It has greatly in- 
creased the efficiency of the School to have a faculty who can 
devote their whole endeavor to its interests. 




Massasoit Lake. 



EQUIPMENT. 

The Dormitory building, which at present is used also for 
recitations, library, and offices, is an attractive four-story brick 
structure, overlooking Massasoit Lake. The first floor con- 
tains the lecture hall, the parlor, known as the "Jubilee Room,'' 
the reading room, library and offices. 

The three upper floors contain two class rooms, sleeping 
rooms for sixty-four students, and on the fourth floor a dining 
hall and kitchen. Each floor is provided with lavatories and 
bath tubs. In the basement there are large rooms for chemi- 



15 



cal, physical and physiological laboratories, a bicycle room and 
store room, besides the furnace and engine rooms. 

The School possesses a model gymnasium for physical train- 
ing, with a floor 48 x 74, free from posts, having the usual appa- 
ratus, and in addition, Swedish boms, hand ball court, class 
climbing ropes, seven needle baths with hot and cold water, 
lockers 18 x 18 x 48 inches with combination locks, class rooms 
and examining rooms. 

The athletic grounds cover six acres, with ball field, quarter- 
mile running and bicycle track, tennis courts, etc. 




South End View of Gymnasium Floor. 

Through the courtesy of the Secretary of War, the School 
now has the privilege of the use of Massasoit Lake for aquatics. 
The School possesses a fine fleet of boats, which are admirably 
adapted for this purpose. 

Workshops for industrial training, consisting of a pattern 
making room, forging room or blacksmith shop, machine room, 
and engine room, have been fitted up in the basement of the 
gymnasium building. 

The School library contains 2,105 books and over 4,200 pam- 



16 



phlets, the latter being one of the best collections of the publi- 
cations of the Young Men's Christian Association and kindred 
organizations to be found. The collection on physical training 
is one of the best. The reference library is open to the students 
at all times, and the lending section from 9 a. m. to 6 p. m. 
The reading room, always open, has on file two dailies, seven- 
teen weeklies, fifty-one monthlies, and three quarterlies. 

In addition, the students have access to the Bowne Historical 
Library, the largest collection of books, pamphlets and manu- 
scripts bearing on work for young men in existence; also to the 
Springfield Public Library of 101,000 volumes, now ranking the 
eighth among our great circulating libraries. 




School Boats. 



The School stands for the most thorough practical, as well as 
theoretical training. The opportunities for participating in the 
various phases of work for young men are abundant. The 
Holyoke Association, within easy reach of the School, has one 
of the most successful works in a manufacturing community of 
45,000 people. The Central Association at Springfield has a 
splendidly equipped building with all modern facilities. Several 
Associations in smaller towns can be reached in a short time by 
electric connections. 



17 




Building of the Springfield Association. 




Building of the Holvoke Association. 



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Psychol- 
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(5) 






Sociology 

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Ethics 
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Christian 
History 
(5) 






Associat 'n 
History 

(3) 












Training 
Class 
(1) 


Training 
Class 
(1) 


bo 

S 03 

P 03^ 

.2 rtS 

go 

Eh 


Old Test. 

(5) 

Tr'g Class 
(1) 






New Test. 

(5) 

Tr'g Class 
(1) 






FALL 


WINTER 


SPRING 


FALL 


WINTER 


SPRING 


FALL 


WINTER 


SPRING 



-aiacnw- 



THE CURRICULUM. 



The curriculum falls into two divisions: i. The General Course, embrac- 
ing studies which underlie the work of an Association officer, and which 
are pursued by all students. 2. The Technical Courses, which give the 
knowledge and training for the particular department of work which the 
student expects to enter. 



L GENERAL COURSE. 

This course, which forms the foundation of the curriculum, seeks to fit 
students to be leaders in spiritual work. It seeks to train each student to 
lead young men to Jesus Christ, and to teach the Bible. It aims to acquaint 
him with the Young Men's Christian Association and its field. It also 
seeks to broaden his intellectual horizon, to promote mental discipline, and 
to familiarize him with the problems which a leader in Christian work will 
meet in practical life. It falls into five divisions: 1. Biblical Course. 2. 
Historical Course. 3. The Study of Man and his Relationships. 4. Course 
in English and Vocal Music. 5. Conventions and Lectures. 

U BIBLICAL COURSE. 

(1) The Bible. (Dr. Ballantine, Middle and Senior years, five hours 
per week.) An essential of spiritual leadership is a knowledge of the 
Scriptures. This is fundamental in the preparation for any position in the 
Associations. It is the aim of the institution that every student who enters 
its ranks shall gain a knowledge of the Bible, and it is believed that the 
course here offered will prove attractive, not only to men who are preparing, 
but to men already in the service who may desire a year of special Bible 
study. Two years are devoted to a study of the text, one being given to 
the Old Testament and one to the New Testament. The student is expected 
to read each book in accordance with the directions of the instructor, to 
recite upon its facts and ideas in the class room, and to take notes of familiar 
lectures upon it. There are no formal lectures upon Biblical introduction 
and theology, but the topics commonly treated under those heads are 
incidentally brought to the student's attention while he is engaged upon the 
several books inductively. By the method used, the student gains from his 



20 



own investigations a direct and comprehensive knowledge of each book in 
the Bible and of each Testament as a whole. The main outlines of the 
progress of Hebrew civilization and history, and of divine revelation, are 
fixed in his mind. He attains a knowledge not of proof texts, but of 
connected series of events and inspired arguments and chains of thought. 
In the unity of a total impression, the strength of every part is assured. 

In this way not only are the contents of Scripture mastered, but the mind 
is trained in the preparation of Bible reading, etc., and the inner spiritual 
life is quickened through the truth. It will be readily seen that this course 
does not aim to give courses that can be reproduced in the local associations, 
but to give a comprehensive study of the entire body of the Scriptures, 
which will enable the student to lay out courses himself as may be 
necessary. 

(2) The Training Classes. (Dr. Doggett, Junior and Senior years, 
one hour per week. Dr. Seerley, Middle year, one hour per week. ) These 
classes have an intimate relation to the practical Christian work of the 
students during their entire course. The Junior and Middle years are 
devoted to the study of methods for dealing with individuals. The great 
questions of regeneration and the use of the Bible with the unsaved form 
the subject matter of this study. In the Senior year this hour is devoted 
to the study of the use of the Bible in public. Attention is given to the 
preparation of Gospel addresses, Bible studies and the best methods of 
teaching Bible classes. 

2, HISTORICAL COURSE. 

(1) The History of Christianity and Christian Civilization. (Mr. Burr, 
Junior year, five hours per week. ) It is the aim of this course to familiarize 
the student with the great movements in the development of Christianity 
and Christian civilization. The first term is devoted to the study of early 
and medieval Christianity, the second term to the Reformation and the 
Protestant movement in Europe, and the third term to the movement in 
America and the history of missions. 

The work is carried on by lectures, carefully prepared courses of read- 
ing, and text book for special periods and topics. Special emphasis is laid 
on the courses of reading and topical study, so that the student becomes 
familiar with the masterpieces of historical literature. Recent additions 
to the department of history in the School library will facilitate the work 
very much. 

Students are expected to own "The History of the Christian Church," 
by Prof. Fisher. 

(2) Association History. (Dr. Doggett, Middle year, three hours per 
week.) The aim of this course is to acquaint all students with the history 
and development of this great movement. Careful attention is given to 
the forces in the church, and the conditions of social life which made such 
a movement necessary. The association is studied, not as a local or 
national, but as a world-wide endeavor. In the first period, 1844 to 1855, 
especial attention is given to the London work and its formative influence. 
In the second period, 1855 to 1878, recognition of the leadership of the 



31 



American work requires especial attention to the movement on this conti- 
nent. In the third period, 1S78 to 1897, more attention is given to the 
spread of the movement throughout the world. This course studies the 
development of the association, its organization and polity, and the fixed 
principles which govern its operation and its relation to the church. 

3. THE STUDY OF MAN AND HIS RELATIONSHIPS. 

This course is arranged in recognition of the unity of man's threefold 
nature, with the conviction that the religion of Jesus Christ is adapted to 
redeem man in his entirety — body, mind and spirit. 

(1) Physiology. (Dr. Seerley, Junior year, five hours per week.) This 
study begins with a course of lectures, calculated to show man's place in 
the whole universe, including the unorganized and organized world, and to 
put him into relation with these. 

A study of the body is then begun with the most simple analysis into 
trunk,- limbs, head, and all that can be readily observed. 

This naturally leads to the study of the mechanics of the body. Then, 
by means of dissection of animals in the laboratory, we discover the dif- 
ferent systems making up the body (muscular, osseous, nervous, etc.), and 
the organs associated in forming the apparatuses (circulatory, digestive, 
respiratory, reproductive, etc.). 

The student then picks out the muscles and names them, assisted by 
charts, demonstrations and experiments ; the bones, naming and classify- 
ing them, aided by the skeleton. Bone, muscle, nerve, etc., are then 
studied as regards function, structure and relations. 

In the same way every organ composing the several apparatuses is 
minutely studied till a complete analysis results. 

He then collects and combines all the physiological properties possessed 
by all the tissues, and discovers that the original cell, from which devel- 
oped this complex structure by the process of differentiation, possessed all 
these powers. 

A study of the growth and development of the body then naturally fol- 
lows. Careful study is then given to the external and internal conditions 
which tend to promote health in this complex structure, as well as the best 
thing to do in case an injury should occur to any part of it. 

(2) Psychology. (Dr. Seerley, Middle year, two terms, five hours per 
week.) This course immediately follows physiology and is a study of the 
intellectual man, keeping strictly in mind the relations to other phases of 
activity, both physical and spiritual. 

The subject is considered under four heads: 

(a) The physical basis of mind. 

(b) The conditions for effective mental activity. 

(c) The faculties of mind. 

(d) The operations of mind. 

The first comprises a study of the brain and its functions, the organs of 
special sense, sensation, habit, and such other subjects as properly belong 
under physiological psychology. Much that is often considered under 



22 



the title of personal purity and allied subjects is considered under this 
head. 

The second head comprises a study of consciousness, attention and 
habit, and an attempt is made to present them in a way most practical 
to students engaged in the study of young men. 

Under the "faculties of mind" are studied the intellect, sensibilities and 
will, with an endeavor to discover the laws underlying the growth and de- 
velopment of the mind. This is likewise presented in a practical way, 
aiming to discover how character is built, first, for the student's own 
good, and second, to equip him with knowledge essential to leadership. 

The fourth head includes the operations of acquisition, or the acquiring 
of knowledge, with the processes of assimilation, or the making over of 
the acquired material, depositing it as a part of one's own character, and 
the reproduction or the expression of the character to others. 

This leads to the study of Pedagogy. 

4. COURSE IN ENGLISH AND VOCAL MUSIC. 

(1) English. (Mr. Regal, Junior year, three hours per week. ) The 
ability to use the English language is of the utmost importance. Few men 
achieve such excellence in English but that they covet the opportunity for 
further study. Throughout the course students are required to present 
papers and essays in different branches, which are revised and criticised 
by instructors. In the Junior year, three hours weekly is given to the 
study of English and models of English literature, with especial attention 
to composition. 

Particular attention is given to public speaking in connection with the 
Literary Society, under the leadership of one of the members of the 
Faculty. All Middlers and Seniors are expected to participate. The 
Literary Society meets on alternate weeks through the year. 

(2) Vocal Music. One hour per week in the Junior year is given to 
chorus work under a competent director. This course aims: (a) To 
acquaint the student with the gospel music which has been adapted to male 
voices, (b) To teach how to sing this music, (c) To teach the reading 
of easy music, (d) To fit the student for leading the music at a men's 
gospel meeting. 

5. CONVENTIONS AND LECTURES- 

(1) Co7iventio7is. The School aims, by conventions and conferences, 
to bring the students into touch with the current affairs of the association. 
During the past year, at the invitation of the Massachusetts State Com- 
mittee, the School attended in a body the State Convention held at 
Worcester. Fifty-three students were present. During March the New 
England Secretaries' Conference held its session for three days at the 
School Dormitory, affording the students an opportunity to come into close 
touch with association life. The Conference has accepted the invitation 



23 



of the trustees to hold its meeting for 1899 also at the School. The Presi- 
dents of the Student Associations of New York and New England held 
their annual conference at the Dormitory in April of this year. 

(2) Lectures. One of the most gratifying opportunities for the study 
of association problems has been afforded by the lectures given from time 
to time by association leaders. During the past year the following lectures 
have been given : 

" Historical Account of the Development of the Association Movement 
in the West," by Robert Weidensall ; "The Morning Watch," and "The 
World's Student Christian Federation," by John R. Mott; "Educational 
Department," by Geo. B. Hodge; "Mistakes by a Secretary in His First 
Year," by F. S. Goodman; "Work for Boys," by T. M. Osborne; "The 
Reorganization of Education," by Dr. T. M. Balliet; "Conditions of 
Service," by S. D. Gordon; "Recent Developments in the Physical Depart- 
ment," by Dr. Luther Gulick; " Experiences as a General Secretary," by 
Rudolf Horner, Basle, Switzerland; "Railroad Work," by H. O, Williams; 
" Association Printed Matter," by C. F. Powlison. 



IL TECHNICAL COURSES. 

During the Junior year all students pursue the general course, but from 
that time on, while a part of the time of each day is occupied with the gen- 
eral course, an increasing proportion of the students' time is put into 
special technical study in the departments to which they intend to devote 
their lives. 

1. THE SECRETARIAL COURSE. 

(1) The Young Mens Christian Association. (Mr. Bowne, Senior 
year, four hours per week. ) 

The Field and Its Limits. 

The work, why needed. A definite work by and for young men. The 
aim distinctively religious. Relation to the church. Relation to other re- 
ligious societies. 

The Organization. 

When and how to organize. The constitution. Branches and sub-organ- 
izations. The directors and officers. 

The Membership. 

Classes. How to secure members. The membership committee. How 
to retain members. Development of active members. The associate 
membership and its relations. 



24 



The General Secretary. 

His relation to churches and pastors, to officers, directors and commit- 
tees, to other employees, to the business community, to his fellow secre- 
taries. Accepting a call. Beginning work. Correspondence. System. 
Statistics. Studying human nature. Dress. Conversation. Economy. 
Health. Growth — spiritually, intellectually and socially. Securing and 
training employed officers — demand and supply, methods of training. 

The Association Home. 

Advantages of owning a building, location, arrangement, construction, 
equipment. The care of the home — repairs and safety, order and cleanli- 
ness. How to get a building — preparatory work, the canvass, cautions. 
The building movement, its beginning and growth. 

The Business Management. 

Current finances — the annual budget, income, solicitation, collection, 
and disbursement, financial bookkeeping. Real estate and endowment 
funds — incorporation, trustees, endowment, debt, taxes, insurance, leases. 
Records and advertising — recording statistics, anniversaries, parlor con- 
ferences, printed matter, the bulletin, annual reports. 

The Religious Department. 

The Bible in Association Work: Individual study — objects, methods 
and helps; class study — a Bible class indispensable, relation of the general 
secretary, beginners', advanced and training classes, true place and appli- 
ances, the teacher, the class, the topics preparing the lesson, teaching the 
lesson. Practical work with the unconverted — personal work, the evangel- 
istic Bible class, the Bible in the evangelistic meeting; Bible readings. 
Religious meetings, etc. — the evangelistic meeting, other meetings at the 
rooms ; meetings outside the rooms — in boarding houses, in public institu- 
tions; sermons to young men; distribution of religious reading matter; the 
invitation committee. 

The Educational Department. 

The reading room — furniture, supervision, papers, and periodicals. The 
library — its importance and place in the association, how to develop, 
apartments and furniture, management, selecting and buying books, clas- 
sification, cataloguing, shelf listing, binding and repairing, advertising, 
registration and charging, reference books, courses of reading, aids to 
readers. Educational classes — the need, branches taught, adaptation, 
thoroughness, frequency of sessions, instructors' class rooms, examinations. 
Literary societies, etc. — value, various forms of organization and work, 
now supervised. Lectures and talks — the use and abuse of lectures, home 
talent, practical talks. The educational director — qualifications, work and 
relationships. 

Note. — The subject of educational class work is greatly enlarged upon 
and practically illustrated by special work under Mr. Graham. See 
page 34. 

The Physical Department. 

Aim of the department — health, education, recreation. Conditions 
under which a physical department should be organized. Scientific equip- 



25 



ment and methods — examinations, statistics, prescription of exercise. 
Practical equipment and methods— location and arrangement of gymna- 
sium, bath and dressing rooms, outfit, methods. Outdoor work. The 
physical director. The department committee. 

Note. — For extensions of the theory and practice of physical work, see 
page 27. 

The Social Departjnent. 

The reception committee. The social rooms. Social entertainments. 
The Department of Information aad Relief. 

Boarding houses. Employment bureau. Savings bureau. Benefit 
fund. Visiting the sick. Destitute young men. 

The Boys' Departme?it. 

Necessity, aim and benefit. Organization and relationships. Different 

classes of boys. Supervision. 'Methods and agencies — religious, educa- 
tional, physical and social. 

The Work among Special Classes of Men. 

College students — history, organization, methods, outgrowths. Railroad 
men — history, aim and benefits, organizations and finance, rooms and 
methods. Commercial travelers — the field, work and agencies. Other 
nationalities and races — the field, the German work, the colored work, 
etc. Miscellaneous classes — soldiers and sailors, mutes, lumbermen, fire- 
men, street car employees, etc. 

Women s Work for Young Me?i. 

Organization and methods. 
State and Provincial Work. 

The state committee. Finances. The state secretary. The state 
convention — preparatory work by the state committee, preparatory work 
by the local association, at the convention. The district work — the com- 
mittee, conferences, intervisitation, corresponding members. The relation 
of the local association and secretary to the general work of supervision 
and extension. 

The Americaii International Work. 

History and organization. The field. The work — supervision and 
extension, correspondence, publications, securing and training employed 
officers, aid to building enterprises, aid in securing funds, aid to state and 
other conventions, help in disaster. Secretaries of the committee. Inter- 
national finances. International conventions. Day and week of prayer. 
Work among young men in foreign lands — policy, relationships, methods. 

The World 's Alliance. 

History, organization and work. 
Text Book. 

"Handbook of the History, Organization and Methods of Work of Young 
Men's Christian Associations — Edition of 1892." This book was prepared 
primarily for the use of this School. 



26 



(2) Seminary Work. (Dr. Doggett, Senior year.) The object of this 
course is to study at first hand the documentary sources of the Young 
Men's Christian Association, and to learn the art of original investigation. 
A rich and unworked field is presented to the student in the many undevel- 
oped themes in association history and by its unsolved problems. During 
the Middle year students in the secretarial and educational courses 
study themes akin to their departments. In the Senior year a thesis is 
prepared upon a theme agreed upon by the student and instructor. 

Students in the seminary meet weekly for a two-hours' session in the 
class room, and are expected to devote two hours daily during the Senior 
year to research. The historical and physical libraries available to students 
make this work of great value. 

Students who desire to prepare a thesis upon a theme in sociology, will 
be permitted to do so. 

(3) Sociology. (Mr. Burr, Senior year, two terms, five hours perw r eek.) 
The aim of the course is to familiarize the student with the most serious 
economic and social problems which he will meet in his work, and the 
fundamental economic and social laws which must be recognized in all 
reform movements. 

The first term will be devoted to Economic Introduction, and the study 
of social economic problems such as, "Social and Economic Inequality," 
"The Labor Problem," "Characteristics of Modern Industry and Com- 
merce," "Industrial Combinations," "Industrial Control," "Individualism 
vs. Socialism," etc. 

The second term will be devoted to Sociology proper, and to a study of 
the constitution of society, of social laws and forces, and social ideals. 
Especial emphasis is laid on the relation of the family to the social organ- 
ism, and to the law of association. 

(4) Ethics. (Mr. Burr, Senior year, one term, five hours per week. ) 
" Moral Science," by Prof. Fairchild, will be used as a text book. The 
subject will be taken up from the standpoint of modern psychology. 

(5) Pedagogy. (Dr. Seerley, Middle year, one term, five hours per 
week.) Here study is given to the curves which show the relative devel- 
opment of the acquisitive, the assimilative, and the expresive powers at 
different ages ; those showing relative emphasis on the work to be done, 
and those showing relative emphasis in instructing, developing and train- 
ing the mind. 

The student thus arrives at the principles of method, which form the 
basis for applied pedagogy in the different courses. 

(6) Practice. Unusual opportunities are afforded for practical work, 
and for getting an inside view of association management. The Holyoke 
and Springfield Associations, with their beautiful buildings and large 
memberships, furnish every facility to see and participate in the various 
phases of association work. Through the Student Association, this activity 
has been developed into a three years' graded course: Juniors serve on 
committees; Middlers teach Bible classes; and Seniors have charge of 
deputation days in the district. One of the most helpful experiences of the 
past year was a four days' tour by the Senior secretarial men with one of 
the instructors. The tour included New Haven, Bridgeport, Brooklyn, 



27 



New York City, and the offices of the State and International Committees. 
By prearrangement, from one-half hour to an hour was spent with the man in 
charge of each of the departments visited. Nine associations were studied, 
and addresses and papers given to the class by thirty-three different asso- 
ciation employees. 

All methods of practical work treated in the secretarial course are fully 
illustrated by approved blanks and printed matter. 

All are given practice in using the library ; in preparing reports of com- 
mittees, minutes of meetings, items for newspapers and bulletins, printers' 
copy and proof reading, and are expected to attend each year at least two 
association conventions. 

Frequent delegations of students are assigned to conduct services for 
young men in neighboring town and villages. 

(7) Physical Training. Every secretary is given a thorough course 
in physical training. During the Junior year and the first two terms of 
the Middle year, two periods daily are given to practice in the gymnasium 
and field. A complete description of this course is given on pages 30 and 32. 

(8) Organization of the Physical Department. See page 30. 

(9) Industrial Course. (Mr. Graham, three terms, two hours per day.) 
The secretarial Seniors will take up drawing during the fall term. The 
course will be very similar, but much briefer than the course for the edu- 
cational Middlers described on pages 34-35. They will spend about three 
weeks on design and letter drawing, and will, during this time, be required 
to make original sketches for advertising posters, etc. Five weeks will be 
spent on mechanical drawing. This course includes geometric projections, 
and developing surfaces. Enough attention will be given to architectural 
drawing during the remaining weeks of the term to enable students to in- 
telligently understand architectural drawings. The work of the winter 
and spring terms consists of mechanical laboratory practice, similar in ex- 
ercises but much shorter than that taken by the educational department 
students. The object is to give them an intelligent knowledge of the 
principles of operation involved in the various kinds of machines, the use 
of tools and machine construction ; making it possible for them to con- 
verse intelligently with mechanics and artisans of all classes, and also 
plan courses in industrial subjects. The important feature in the course is 
individual original work. Following the course in design and lettering, 
students do original work in producing designs for posters, circulars and 
general advertising matter. 



2. PHYSICAL COURSE. 

Object. To furnish "normal Christian physical education" to those pre- 
paring to become directors of the physical work of the Young Men's Chris- 
tian Associations, or of colleges. 

The duties of a modern physical director demand that he shall be able to 
make an intelligent examination of the person who comes to him for ad- 
vice ; that he shall be able to wisely counsel with him in regard to food, 



28 



clothing, sleep, work, exercise, and, in general, all those topics which are 
related to "living at one's best;" to put men into the condition of highest 
vitality and effectiveness in any line, is his first work. He must take into 
account the intimate relationships existing between body and mind, and 
must understand their mutual effects. He must know how to prescribe ex- 
ercise for the diseased who are often sent to him by physicians. He must 
be able to make his gymnasium a place of real recreation as well as of 
body building. 

To accomplish these various ends, he must know the body and its laws 
(anatomy, physiology and hygiene). He must have a detailed knowledge 
of the effects of exercise upon the body (physiology of exercise). He must 
know how to get men into the best condition for the performance of any 
physical effort (training). He must be acquainted with the fundamental 
relations existing between a man's reproductive system and his bodily, 
mental and spiritual states (personal purity). He should know what to do 
in case of accidents (first aid to the injured). He must be able to make an 
intelligent examination of the heart, lungs, and other organs (physical ex- 
amination). He must know how to measure and test men, and how to 
study these measurements in groups (anthropometry). He must know 
how to prescribe exercise for those needing remedial gymnastics sent to 
him by physicians (prescription of exercise). He must have at his service 
the experience of those of the past (history, literature, philosophy of physi- 
cal training). He must be perfectly familiar with all the work which he is 
to use or teach (gymnastics, athletics, aquatics, games, sports, etc.). He 
must be familiar with details of the management of the physical de- 
partment of the institution with which he will probably be connected 
(physical department of a Young Men's Christian Association). 

The aim is to qualify students as teachers of gymnastics, athletics and 
aquatics. A minimum of time will thus be spent in practice of mere feats 
of strength or skill in any of these branches. Emphasis is placed on the 
enthusiastic pushing of those exercises which are of chief value to the 
average man in the associations. Muscular strength and coordination are 
to be developed only so far as they increase vitality. 

Every subject throughout the course is studied and practiced from the 
standpoint of its usefulness as a physical or moral agent in the peculiar 
conditions obtaining in the Young Men's Christian Associations. Class 
rather than individual work, accordingly, is emphasized, and the elements 
of recreation and moral discipline are striven for. The work done in the 
associations is rapidly evolving. The aim is to fit the student for the new 
movement rather than for the old. The progression in gymnastics, athlet- 
ics and aquatics will be as rapid as is consistent with thoroughness. The 
course continues for the physical course students during all three years. 
The secretarial men will have the first five terms and the educational the 
first three terms. 

The fall course in athletics will consist of events which can be done in 
any level field with little expense for the preparation of the grounds. 
Ic is believed many associations refrain from taking up athletics because 
they do not know of the excellent sports which require but little special 
apparatus. 



29 



This course will include field evolution with calisthenics, hare and hound 
chases, cross country runs, foot ball, minton and field hockey. 

The spring athletic course will take up track and field events. Each 
student will be taught the standard events and the best methods of coach- 
ing for each. 

The track events which are emphasized are the ioo-yards dash, 220, 
440, 880, the mile run and hurdling. The field events are pole vaulting, 
high jumping, broad jumping, shot putting, and hammer throwing. In- 
struction is given during the spring in base ball and golf. 

Physical instruction indoors progresses along the following lines: Class 
evolutions, calisthenics, games, apparatus exercises, and indoor athletics. 

In class evolutions, the marching system by Dr. A. T. Halsted will form 
the basis for all work. 

Calisthenics will be taught, first, by giving the principal positions de- 
rived from the fundamental standing position and, second, by standard 
drills with the dumb-bells, wands, bar bells, and Indian clubs. 

Games. Basket ball and volley ball receive due attention, also such 
gymnastic games as circle ball, three-deep, hand wrestling, Indian 
wrestling, etc. 

Apparatus exercises. Instruction is given on the horizontal bar, parallel 
bars, German horse, buck, Swedish bom, traveling rings, flying rings, and 
pulley weights. 

Location. There is no part of the country where athletics are more fos- 
tered, where the college athletic teams are better trained, or where the 
local Young Men's Christian Associations are more vigorous in their physi- 
cal work, than in the associations and colleges of New England. 

The students visit the majority of the following named first-class gymna- 
siums during their course: The Association Gymnasiums at Worcester, 
Boston, Cambridge, Holyoke, Hartford, New York — 23d Street, Harlem, 
Brooklyn. College Gymnasiums, Harvard, Amherst, Yale. Athletic 
Clubs, Boston Athletic Club, New York Athletic Club. Normal Schools 
of Gymnastics, Boston Normal, Baron Posse, Harvard, Mary Allen, Y. W. 
C. A., Dr. Anderson. 

From nowhere else in the country could this valuable experience be 
gained with so little expenditure of time and money. 

The fine building and gymnasium of the local Association afford illustra- 
tion of a model work. 

The location of the School upon Massasoit Lake furnishes an excellent 
opportunity for training in aquatics. The School possesses a fine fleet of 
boats for this purpose. 

In general, the course in physical training is divided into (1) Theory, and 
(2) Practice. 

Junior Year. 

(1) Theory. During 1898-99, courses will be offered in physics and 
chemistry for students who are not prepared in these branches. These 
subjects will be pursued sufficiently to enable the student to understand 
the mechanics of the body and the chemistry of digestion. Students who 



30- 



can pass satisfactory examinations will not be required to take these 
branches. 

(2) Practice. (Three terms, two hours per day.) The Junior physical 
work is the same for all students. 

(a) Field. Instruction is given in field athletics, standing broad and 
running high jumps, shot putting, pole vaulting, running, base ball (batting, 
base running, fielding, and team practice), foot ball (ball passing, instruc- 
tion in different positions, falling on the ball, and team practice), minton, 
field hockey, and cross country running. 

(b) Gymnasium. Instruction is given in plain marching, special atten- 
tion being paid to the best formation for handling large classes. After a 
study of the typical gymnastic positions in calisthenic exercises, sample 
drills are taught with dumb-bells, heavy Indian clubs, pulley weights and 
elementary exercises on the heavy apparatus. Emphasis is laid on the 
hygienic work, which permits large classes to be handled effectively. 
Indoor athletics are taught during April. 

(c) Aquatics. Swimming and diving are taught. 

Middle Year. 

(1) Theory. (Dr. McCurdy, three terms, five hours per week.) 

(a) Physiology and Physiology of Exercise. The class will pursue a 
course in special physiology based upon the general course of the Junior year 
(see page 21). The study of the last term will include an application of the 
facts which relate especially to physical training, together with experi- 
mental work upon assigned subjects. The text book for the last term will 
be the outline prepared by the student. "Physiology of Exercise," by 
Lagrange, and "Physical Education," by Treves, will be reviewed. 

(b) Organization of the Physical Department. (Dr. McCurdy, one 
term, five hours per week.) During the spring term the following subjects 
will be considered: 

The Gymnasium. Construction. Equipment. Organization. Adver- 
tising teams, newspaper, prospectus, etc. Gymnastic pedagogy. Gym- 
nastic and athletic technique. 

The class studies the construction of the gymnasium, locker rooms, bath 
rooms, bowling alleys ; also the construction and management of athletic 
grounds. 

Under equipment they will study the most approved methods of fitting 
up the gymnasium and grounds for physical exercise. 

Under organization, the physical department committee and its relation 
to the board of directors; sub-committees; leaders' corps; athletic commit- 
tee ; outing and Bible study committee. 

Advertising the physical department. 

Pedagogy consists of a discussion of the common faults in teachers, the 
best class formations, the essentials to be considered in the selection of 
" leaders." 

Under technique will be studied the athletic and gymastic rules, the 
management of contests, field days, etc. 



8] 



(c) History of Physical Training. (Dr. Gulick, three terms, two hours 
per week. ) Each student in the physical course will make a study of some 
special subject and will write upon it. Dr. Gulick will give the following 
lectures: 

Greek Period. Ancient funeral games, their extent, range and signifi- 
cance. The funeral games over Patroclus; also other references to sport 
found in the Iliad and the Odyssey of Homer. The place of the athletic 
games as related to Greek history. Historical development of the Olympic 
games; their leading characteristics, — individual not group. The prize 
and honor system, and its effect upon the games. The rise and effect of 
professionalism. Greek ideas of exercise as related to health and educa- 
tion. Funeral games among the Romans, the rise of the Ludi Gladiatorii, 
and the gladiatorial combat. Place, influence, and extent of the Roman 
games. The Roman baths. Physical training of the Roman army. 

Medieval Period. Estimate placed upon the body by the Latin Fathers 
of the church. The divorce between the natural and the spiritual. Early 
sports among the Germans as reported by Tacitus. The rise of chivalry. 
The knightly tournaments of the Middle ages ; their place, conduct and 
influence. 

The Dawn of the Modern Period. Mercurialis, his book "Di arte 
Gymnastica," and the medieval physicians. Place, work, and influence on 
physical training of Mulcaster, Locke, Rabelais, Luther, Milton, Fuller, 
Clias. 

The Emile — J. J. Rousseau. The influence of Rousseau on, and the re- 
lationships between, Basedon, Salzmann, Vieth, Gutsmuths, Nachtigal, 
Jahn, Ling, Beck, Lieber. The influence and life of Gutsmuths, Vieth 
and Nachtigal, Friedrich Ludwig Jahn. 

The Modern Period. The development and characteristics of the Ger- 
man Turners; their service in the Thirty Years' War. The organization 
and conduct of the Turnerbund. The present Turnerschaft, its extent, or- 
ganization and conduct. H. P. Ling and the fundamental characteristics 
of the Swedish gymnastics. The "Day's Order" and the "Gymnastic 
Progression." Colonel Amoros, and the movement in France. The re- 
vival of interest. The new Olympic games. Baron Pierre de Coubertin. 
Place and influence of Delsarte. Play among the Anglo-Saxons. Early 
sport in England. The development and influence of group games, as 
shown by foot ball. Athletics in the universities and preparatory schools 
of England. Early history of foot ball, cricket, golf, lawn tennis. 

The American Movement. The first interest in physical training, 
Capt. Partridge. The school at Round Hill, Harvard, Yale. The early 
manual training movement in schools. Life and influence of Dio Lewis. 
The new movement at Amherst, Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Mount Hol- 
yoke. The North American Gymnastic Union. Swedish gymnastics in 
America. Normal schools of physical training. The American Associa- 
tion for the Advancement of Physical Education. The leaders in physical 
training in America — Edward Hitchcock, D. A. Sargent, E. M. Hartwell, 
and others. The early physical training movement in the Associations. 
The early physical directors, Wm. Wood, Robert J. Roberts, and their in- 
fluence. The Summer Schools and Physical Directors' Conferences. The 



32 



Pentathlon. The Indoor Test. The Athletic League. The Training 
Schools. Physical training papers in English — Physical Educational Re- 
view, Mind and Body, Posse Gymnasium Monthly, Gymnastic and Athletic 
Review, Physical Education, The Gymnasium. The Physical Department 
of the International Committee. 

(2) Practice. (Dr. Seerley, three terms, two hours per day.) 

(a) Field. Students are taught tennis, foot ball (punting, place, and 
drop kicking, tackling bag and team practice), base ball (catching, pitch- 
ing, and team practice), and golf. Instruction is given in sprinting, mid- 
dle distance running, hop step and jump, broad and high jumping, pole 
vaulting, and hammer throwing. 

(b) Gy})inasium. The class continues the practice of marching begun 
in Junior year (see page 29), supplementing it with fancy marching. The 
wands and Indian clubs receive special attention. Intermediate exercises 
on the heavy apparatus consist of exercises adapted for leaders and classes 
in the intermediate grade. The athletic side of gymnastics is pushed, i. e., 
those exercises which require strong legs and trunk rather than those which 
demand large arms and shoulders. Athletic instruction is given indoors 
during April in starting, high jumping, broad jumping, and pole vaulting. 

Senior Year. 

(1) Theory. 

(a) Seminary in Philosopliy of Exercise. (Dr. Gulick.) During the 
year lectures will be given on the topics in the following list. Each student 
will prepare a thesis upon an assigned theme. 

The adoption of machinery as affecting the bodily development of the 
race. The progressive urbanization of civilized peoples. Urbanization as 
related to vitality. Specialization as affecting bodily vigor and develop- 
ment. The growth of school life as related to health and development. 
Devices of the day for increasing the amount of work an individual can do ; 
the telephone, telegraph, stenographer, mail service, steam, etc. The 
physical conditions of the young men of the cities. Physical needs as 
related to stage of development. Conditions of the Association physical 
work. " Function makes structure " as applied to physical training. 
Development by inherent rather than by external power and -conditions. 
Summary of the physiology of exercise. Muscular as related to psychical 
force. Exercise as related to the development of the motor elements of the 
brain. Neuro-muscular fatigue. Volitional fatigue. Emotional fatigue. 
Exercise and brain hygiene. Muscular contraction as an element of 
thought. The plays of children and adolescents. The plays of adults. 
The play of animals. The philosophy of play. Play as related to physical 
education. The place and limits of competition in physical training. 
The place and limits of specialization in physical training. Track and field 
sports in physical training. Athletic games in physical training. Heavy 
gymnastics in physical training. Calisthenics in physical training. The 
exercise of men in groups. The limitations of games, competition, athletic 
records, etc. Characteristics of a day's work in physical training. Physi- 
cal work for boys. Summer camps for boys. The philosophy, place and 
limitations of medical gymnastics. 



33 



(b) Prescription of Exercise. (Dr. Gulick, six weeks, one hour per 
day.) The use of exercise as affecting: 

Form: The thorax. Effect of prolapse of viscera. Methods for their 
restoration. Position of the shoulders, raising and lowering shoulders, 
etiology of unevenness. Shoulder blades flattening against the trunk. 
The building up of small parts. The reduction of fat. Bone growth. 
Spinal curvatures. 

Vitality: Special need of exercise during present civilization. Neuras- 
thenia. Deficient nutritive ability. Relation of exercise to vitality. 
Exercise with reference to temperament. Large versus small dosage. 
Insomnia. Migraine. 

Disease: Congestions. Hernia. Constipation. Cardiac weakness. 
Cardiac insufficiency. Partial paralyses. Indigestion. The writing out 
of prescriptions to suit special cases. Strength tests as a basis for pre- 
scription. 

The object of the course is to enable the student to prescribe exercise 
intelligently. In so far as this laps over the field of medical practice in 
the treatment of disease, the aim is to enable the student to take the 
general instructions of the physician, render them definite and carry them 
out effectively. The limitations of this treatment are carefully considered. 

(c) Anthropometry. (Dr. Gulick, six weeks, one hour per day.) 
Particular attention will be paid to the use of graphic methods in illustra- 
tion of mathematical data. Recording, tabulating measurements, mathe- 
matical discussion of anthropometric data. Use of charts in recording 
individual lines. Laws of growth during adolescence. Relation of height 
to weight. Weight to strength. Weight to lung capacity. Strength and 
weight to lung capacity Strength tests; how taken; their value. 

(d) Mechanics of the Body. (Dr. McCurdy, six weeks, one hour per 
day.) Based on physics and anatomy. Study of the bones, articulations, 
muscles, muscle insertions, leverage, and of the combined action of muscles 
and mechanism of bodily movements, with special application to the 
movements of the fluids of the body, e. g. , blood and lymph. Demon- 
stration on individuals, of muscular origin, insertion and action. 

(e) Physical Ex animation. (Dr. McCurdy, six weeks, one hour per 
day.) "Physical Diagnosis," Loomis. Study of the appearances, condi- 
tions, defects, and deformities likely to be met with in the examining 
room. Method of examining the heart, lungs, etc., to prepare the student 
to assume such responsibilities as may properly rest upon the physical 
director, and to protect those who may come under his charge against un- 
wise exercise and habits of life. 

(f) Massage. (Dr. McCurdy, six weeks, one hour per day.) "Hand- 
book of Massage," Kleen. The technique of massage and physiological 
effects. General principles as applied to development and training. 
Massage of sprains and strains. Medical massage is not included. 

(g) Training. (Dr. McCurdy, six weeks, one hour per day. ) 

Condition. Importance of dietetics; rest and work; stimulants. 
Habit. Technical training for each event; speed; quickness; 
starting; the nerve element in performances. 



34 



Muscle. Strength as an element in contests; its relations to 

condition, habit, and endurance. 
Wind. Endurance in continuous events, such as running, row- 
ing; in discontinuous events, jumping, etc. 
2. Practice. (Dr. McCurdy, three terms, two hours per day.) The 
Seniors' practice consists of first, normal work ; second, instruction, with 
special stress on normal practice. 

A regular part of this year's work consists of normal practice in the As- 
sociation gymnasium, and also in managing the sports and games which 
are conducted throughout the year at the School. Each student is required 
to arrange courses for different classes, viz. , for boys, young men, business 
men. 

Students are expected during the course to visit the large gymnasiums 
of either Boston or New York, and that of either Harvard, Yale, or Am- 
herst; also to attend each year two conventions, one of the Young Men's 
Christian Association and the other of the American Association for the 
Advancement of Physical Education. 

(a) Field. Students are taught hurdling (120 and 200 yards), walking, 
foot ball (team practice, coaching), and field hockey (team practice, 
coaching). 

(b) Gymnasium. Instruction is given in such wrestling, sparring, 
and single stick exercises as are adapted to class work. Elementary 
tumbling is taught. A sample bar bell drill is given, also advanced exer- 
cises on the heavy apparatus. 

(c) Aquatics. Rowing in single and double gigs, also in four-oared 
working boats, is taught. 

3. EDUCATIONAL COURSE. 

(Mr. Graham, Middle and Senior years, two hours per day.) 

The object of this course is to fit candidates for the office of educational 
director in the Young Men's Christian Association. It is especially desir- 
able that students should pursue a college course before entering this de- 
partment. Students in this course pursue the same studies as those pre- 
paring for the general secretaryship, except that work in industrial lines is 
substituted for work in physical training. The special work of this depart- 
ment is divided into (1) Theory, (2) Practice. 

(1) Theory. In the Middle and Senior years, the students are required, 
in an Association seminary, to study themes which bear particularly upon 
the work of the educational department. In the Senior year each student 
is expected to present a thesis that involves original research. In the Senior 
year four hours weekly are devoted to a study of the organization and 
work of the Young Men's Christian Association. The work of the educa- 
tional department is studied in detail. Such subjects are considered as 
the reading room, library, literary societies, lectures, and practical talks 
and educational classes. In considering the evening class work, attention 
is given to the various methods of studying the field, the courses of study 
most needed by the different classes of men, the planning of classes, the 



35 



selection of teachers, and the practical application of the principles of ped- 
agogy to the educational work of the Association. 

(2) Practice. Beginning with the Middle year, an hour and a half 
daily are devoted during two years to drawing, and shop work in wood and 
iron. 

The course is divided as follows: Design drawing, eight weeks; 
mechanical drawing, eighteen weeks; architectural drawing, eight weeks. 

The course in design, covering a period of eight weeks, consists of a 
comprehensive study of the history of design, including the principles of 
symmetry and proportion as applied to design and lettering. The object of 
this course is to give students a comprehensive training in the art of orig- 
inating circulars, posters, printed matter, etc. 

The next division, covering a period of eighteen weeks, is mechanical 
drawing. Beginning with the first principles the course includes geomet- 
rical exercises, geometric figures of curved and straight lines, orthographic 
projections of lines, point and curves, with a short course in isometric pro- 
jection, perspective and development of surfaces. 

The remaining eight weeks of the year are spent on the principles and 
elementary work in architectural drawing, giving some proficiency in this 
important branch. At least enough of the principles are taught to enable 
students to understand drawings of buildings, and to make drawings of 
simple buildings. After completing this course, each student will be ex- 
pected to make an original design of an association building or department, 
with plans, elevations, and details. 

During the Senior year one and one-half hours daily are given to practical 
work in the shop. The course consists of work in wood, with lectures 
on wood working tools, their use, how to care for and sharpen same, with 
practical applications of exercises involving the use of these tools, together 
with illustrations of the proper methods of dealing with the various kinds 
of woods used in construction. 

After this preliminary course with the hand wood tools, there will be 
given practice with wood working machinery, especially on the wood lathe, 
power saws, and machine planer. The application of this course will be 
made in pattern making and various forms of advanced construction. 

The work in iron begins with forgings of simple forms in common iron, 
in order that the students may first become familiar, in a practical way, 
with the effect of a high degree of heat upon metal. This involves exer- 
cises not only in forging, but also welding. After the student has become 
somewhat familiar with the work in iron, exercises in steel are introduced, 
such as the forging and tempering of tools for various kinds of work. 

The work in iron and steel in the machine room consists of exercises in 
chipping and filing, giving opportunity to make practical tests of the prin- 
ciples taught in forging. The work on machine tools is planned to give 
opportunity for the application of the principles previously considered, em- 
phasizing the value and importance of teaching by exercises, involving the 
principles of competitive construction. During the spring term the aim is 
to combine all the previous training in drawing and construction by the de- 
signing and building of a simple machine or complete model illustrating a 
mechanical motion. 



GENERAL INFORMATION. 



REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION. 

1. The School is open only to Christian young men, over eighteen years 
of age, who have already shown ability in the direction of the work for 
which they wish to prepare. Each applicant must be a member in good 
standing of an evangelical church, and if admitted, bring a certificate to 
this effect, and unite and work with some church of his choice in this city 
within the first term after his admission. 

2. The equivalent of a good English education is required. College 
graduates can complete the course in two years. 

3. All students upon entering must pass a physical examination. Can- 
didates for physical training should do this before coming. 

4. Business experience is considered very desirable. 

5. Admission should be applied for at least two weeks before the open- 
ing of the school year (September 14), and students are urged to be present 
at the opening exercises of the School. 

6. If at any time a student shows a lack of the prerequisites for success 
he will be dismissed. 



ESTIMATE OF EXPENSES FOR THE SCHOOL YEAR 
OF FORTY WEEKS* 



The following table is based upon the experience of the past five years: 



Table board (with students' club), . . . 


$ 75.00 to 


$125.00 


Furnished room with light and heat, 


50.00 


50.00 


Tuition, ........ 


50.00 


50.00 


♦Gymnasium suits, ...... 


8.00 to 


40.00 


Washing, ....... 


12.00 " 


20.00 


Text and note books, and laboratory supplies, 


12.00 " 


35.00 


Conventions, 


15.00 " 


18.00 


Membership in local Association, . . . . 


2.00 u 


10.00 




$224.00 


$348.00 


Diploma (Senior year) ..... 


3.00 


3.00 



♦Students are advised not to purchase gymnasium or athletic suits before coming to 
the school, as the school has regulation colors and suits, which all are expected to 
wear. 



37 



Tuition is payable promptly on the last Monday in September and Jan- 
uary, one-half at each payment. Room rent on last Monday in each 
month. No reduction of rent will be made to a student who engages a 
room and fails to appear at the specified time, nor to one who vacates his 
room less than a month before the close of the school. Rent stops only 
when the room is vacated and the key delivered to the janitor. A deposit 
of fifty cents will be required for each key. 

Each student lodging in the Dormitory will care for his own room, which 
must be kept scrupulously clean. He will be expected to provide sheets, 
pillow slips, towels and soap. Beds are all single, three feet in width; 
pillows, 18x26 inches. Rooms are liable to inspection. 

Sets consisting of four sheets, two pillow slips, four large linen towels, 
and two large bath towels, all hemmed, can be furnished by the school for 
$4.00, if ordered in advance. 

The following article appearedm " Men" for April 23, 1898: 

Student Expenses at the Training School. 

One trouble encountered by all students is the difficulty in obtaining the necessary 
funds to meet their school course. The expense per year runs from $250 to $350. This 
expense has been met by the .students at the Training School in three different ways. 
First, by bringing the money with them necessary to cover the course. This is the 
most satisfactory method, but, unfortunately, not always feasible. The second way 
is to reduce these expenses to a minimum. The third way is to earn the whole or a 
part of the funds during the school course. Some statements of facts, telling what 
some of the students have accomplished in the last two ways suggested, will be 
interesting. 

During the year 1890-97, four students found they would be unable to complete the 
course unless some reduction was possible. After a thorough canvass of the situation, 
they determined to reduce their board bills. They made a study of the methods 
employed by students without cash in other institutions, and decided to make use of 
the Aladdin oven, as patented by Edward Atkinson, Ph. D. The experiment was so 
novel and interesting that the Springfield Union, and later some of the New York 
dailies, gave full particulars of the methods in use by these students. This year, 
twenty students decided that they must reduce their expenses if they were to remain 
at the school. The experience of the Aladdin Oven Club of last year's class gave them 
encouragement. These men organized themselves into clubs, the average member- 
ship being about four in each. They appointed one of their number as cook, another 
steward and another dishwasher, etc. Three of these clubs adopted the Aladdin oven, 
becatise (first) it could be operated by a novice, none of them having had experience 
in cooking. (Second) Food cooked in this oven is more nutritious. (Third) Coarser 
grades of meat could be used to advantage, because of the method of cooking. 
(Fourth) Because the oven requires little attention while in use. It seems almost 
incredible that these different groups of men with no experience were able to prepare 
nutritious and palatable food, and still carry on their studies. The way these students 
have cooked their own food and washed their own dishes that they might obtain an 
education shows pluck and grit. 

These definite facts for four clubs are given: First, Club A, which has been running 
eighteen weeks ; the average cost per week for food and equipment in this club has 
been $1.77; the average cost for food alone $1.43. In Club B, which has been running 
eighteen weeks, food and equipment has been $1.08; for food alone $1.15 per week. In 
Club C, which has been in operation eight weeks, the cost for food and equipment has 
been $1.61 per week ; for food alone 81 cents per week. Club D has paid for food $1.01 
per week; they brought their dishes and a gas stove from home, and so saved the cost 
of equipment. The matter is no longer an experiment with these students. The 
possibility of reducing the living expenses from $100 or $120 (the full cost of board) to $40 
or $00 for the school year, has enabled many students to remain at the school when 



38 



otherwise it would have been impossible. The methods used by these students will 
bear careful study by young men wishing to save money for an education or other 
purposes. The faculty were somewhat skeptical about the experiment. During the 
first eighteen weeks careful observation showed that the men were all gaining in 
weight, were standiag well in their gymnasium and class-room work, three of the 
men doing double gymnasium work. The men gained about five pounds on the 
average during the eighteen weeks. 

Here is what twenty-three of the men earned during their school course, not 
including money earned during the summer vacation. This money has been earned 
by the physical students, largely by gymnastic teaching in Springfield and surround- 
ing towns. The educational men have earned the bulk of theirs by teaching in the 
evening classes of the surrounding Associations. These students have earned during 
the current year $3,163.83; of this amount $1,637.50 was earned in teaching; $267.07 was 
earned in the shop, and $1,259.26 in miscellaneous ways, e.g., a number of the men 
work Saturday afternoon and evening in the clothing stores; others earn their tuition 
by assistance in the janitor work. These twenty-three men have averaged $137.56 
during this year. It is possible for any man who has average ability, with an 
abundance of "grit," to secure an education, even though he lack the financial back- 
ing. Five of the best students in school have earned an average of $232 during the 
current year. This sacrifice on their part has meant hard work. It has brought the 
reward which concentration and application always bring. None of these men has 
had special friends; their success has been due to their individual endeavors. 



RECITATIONS, PRACTICE AND EXAMINATIONS. 

Each student is expected to have at least three forty-five minute class- 
room exercises each day during five days of the week ; also at least two 
hours' daily practice, according to the year and department, in gymnastics, 
athletics, shop work, laboratory work, or practical work in the Young 
Men's Christian Association. 

Examinations, either oral or written, are made at the option of each in- 
structor. 

Monday is the school holiday. 

A Junior or Middler shall be eligible for promotion only after passing 
satisfactorily in every branch prescribed for the year covered, and upon 
approval of the president. 

A Senior shall be eligible for graduation only after passing satisfactorily 
in every branch of the course, and upon approval of the president. 

Conditions imposed in any subject must be met during the following 
term. 



SELF-SUPPORT* 

The institution is unable to offer aid to students. A small loan fund, 
however, has enabled quite a number of students to complete their courses. 
A number find opportunity for work in connection with the buildings. 
Three to four are given teaching as assistants in the gymnasium and shop, 
and a number secure positions in neighboring Associations. 



39 



CONTRIBUTIONS. 

Inquiries concerning the finances will receive prompt attention if ad- 
dressed to Oliver C. Morse, Corresponding Secretary, and remittances 
may be made payable to his order, or to H. H. Bowman, Treasurer. 



BI-CENTURY CLUB. 

To maintain the School's work on its present plane of efficiency, a yearly 
income of $20,000, aside from tuition fees and room rentals, is required. 
This is divisible into 200 shares of $100 each, and an effort is now being 
made, with the cordial sanction and cooperation of the Trustees, to place 
these shares in the form of annual subscriptions of $100 each. 

To place all of them for this year, and perhaps the next few years, may 
make it necessary to ask some friends to take from two to five shares ; but 
the aim is to increase the number of shareholders, as speedily as possible, 
to 200, and so form a Bi-Century Club of $100 supporters. 

An endowment fund of $2,000 serves to place one share permanently, and 
so far three have been thus placed, providing the school with $300 annually 
towards its current expense fund. 



BEQUEST FOR ENDOWMENT. 

I give and bequeath to the International Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion Training School, Springfield, Mass., the sum of , 

to be safely invested by them and called the 

Fund. The interest of this fund to be applied to the use of the School.* 



PERPETUAL LOAN FUND. 

For the purpose of founding a perpetual loan fund in the International 
Young Men's Christian Association Training School, Springfield, Mass. 
[or any of its departments, if so stated], I hereby give the sum of five 
thousand dollars — or its equivalent in good securities at cash value — to be 
safely invested by them, the income to be loaned toward the education of 
students who have already shown ability in the school. 

*Or the testator may specify towards the current expenses; or towards the stipport 
of a chair of instruction in the "General Course, or in any of the departments ; or to be 
used as a loan towards the education of students who have shown ability in any of the 
departments. 



40 



THE ASSOCIATION OUTLOOK AND TRAINING 
SCHOOL NOTES, 

This publication aims to represent the work of the School. It records 
what is going on among the students and faculty. It publishes the original 
work which is being done by students and faculty. Problems of interest 
and importance among the associations upon which there may be light 
thrown from the educational standpoint are discussed here. The general 
design of the paper is to keep all those who are interested in touch with the 
School, and to furnish such a discussion of association events, outlook, policy 
and problems, as would naturally come from an educational center. The 
subscription price is $1.00. The faculty cooperate in its maintenance, but 
the special editorial responsibility has been placed upon Dr. Luther Gulick. 



THE STUDENT ASSOCIATION, 

The Student Association was organized October 17, 1896. It has in view 
the following purposes: (1) To promote the spiritual growth of the stu- 
dents. (2) To encourage a spirit of Christian fellowship. (3) To provide 
opportunity for definite Christian work throughout the city and neighbor- 
ing towns. (4) To establish closer relation with the Inter-Collegiate move- 
ment. The work of the Association may be best described through its 
regular committees: 

The Executive Committee is made up of the general officers of the Asso- 
ciation, and with the Finance Committee, looks after the business interests 
of the Association. 

The Committee on Religious Meetings has charge of the devotional 
services of the Association, and seeks to stimulate the adoption of systematic 
methods of devotional Bible study. 

The Missionary Committee seeks through study of missionary literature, 
and by special work, to promote interest in Home and Foreign Missions, 
and to encourage systematic giving. 

The Social and Me7nbership Committee seeks to interest new students in 
the Association, and tries in every way to serve them both before and after 
their arrival. Socials are frequently given during the year. 

The Physical Department Committee cooperates with the faculty in 
making successful the public gymnastic and athletic events of the School. 
It aims to encourage a spirit of school loyalty, and endeavors to develop a 
sentiment for "clean sport" among organizations with whom the School 
competes. 

The Inter-Collegiate Committee is actively engaged in establishing 
helpful relations with the colleges and preparatory schools of our neighbor- 
hood. 



11 



The Music Coimnittee has in charge the formation of a glee club, etc., 
and will provide music for special occasions. 

The Outside Work Committee endeavors to provide for the students 
opportunities for definite aggressive Christian work, and to enable the 
students to render more efficient service in the local Christian institutions. 
Opportunities for service are opened in connection with neighboring Young 
Men's Christian Associations, local churches and Christian societies, con- 
ducting of Bible classes, gospel meetings, and deputation days. 

The membership fee in the Student Association is two dollars per year. 
Additional expenses are met by subscriptions from friends of the students. 

The president of the Association, Mr. M. I. Foss, East Williamson, N. Y. , 
or the corresponding secretary, Mr. J. F. Simons, 1S0 Westford avenue, 
would be glad to correspond with prospective students who may desire 
information of any kind. 



STUDENTS NOW ENGAGED IN ASSOCIATION WORK. 



JUNE, J898. 



The following is an approximately correct list of students now jin 
the work that have been under regular instruction in the International 
Young Men's Christian Association Training School, at Springfield, 
Mass., up to and including the class of '97. 



Allen, Wmrred bmery, 


'95- 


Andrew, William Alexander, 


'91. 


A 1*1 1 J T TTT 1 1 

Archibald, Lyman Walker, 


'93- 


Austin, Lewis Seybolt, 


'95- 


Baldwin, Harry Anderson, 


'91. 


Ball, William Henry, 


'91. 


Ballard, Lyman Ellsworth, 


'94. 


Banning, George Wheelock, 


89. 


Bartlett, Reuel Ernest, 


'95- 


Bell, Arthur Ferguson, 


94- 


Black, Walter Orlando, 


'92. 


Bond, Thomas Parson, 


93- 


Boucher, Clarence Root, 


'87. 


Brown, Arthur White, 


'94- 


Burkhardt, Frederick William, 


'93- 


Canfield, James Edward, 


'89. 


Carey, Charles Henry, 


'94- 


Carey, Wilbert Franklin, 


'92. 


Carruthers, Frederick Fayette, 


'89. 


Cobleigh, Irving Vasa, 


'95- 


Colton, Oscar Clement, 


'88. 


Cook, John Wesley, 


'88. 


Cotton, Arthur Norman, 


95- 


Daum, William Fletcher, 


'90. 


Davey, Joseph John, 


'94. 


Davis, William Henry, 


'92. 



Phys. Dir., Earlham Coll., Richmond, Ind. 
Gen'l Secretary, Taunton, Mass. 
Phys. Director, Hamilton, Ont. 

Gen'l Secretary, Knoxville, Tenn. 
Phys. Director, Montreal, Que. 
Phys. Director, German Br., N. Y. City. 
Phys. Dir., Colgate Univ., Hamilton, N.Y. 
Phys. Dir., Houston, Tex. 
Gen'l Secretary, Halifax, N. S. 
Phys. Director, San Diego, Cal. 
Phys. Director, Milwaukee, Wis. 
Gen'l Sec'y, R. R. Br., Covington, Ky., 
(Temp, in charge of Army Work at 
Lexington, Ky.) 
Phys. Director, Grand Rapids, Mich. 
Phys. Director, Ger. Br., Buffalo, N. Y. 

Gen'l Secretary, Frankfort. Ky. 
Phys. Dir., Eastern Dist. Br., Brooklyn, 
N. Y. 

Gen'l Secretary, South Bend, Ind. 
Gen'l Secretary, Hastings, Neb. 
Temp, in Office Int'l Com., N. Y. City. 
Gen'l Secretary, Lorain and Elyria, O. 
Gen'l Secretary, Bridgeport, Ct. 
Ass't St. Sec. N. Y., Rochester, N. Y. 

Gen'l Secretary, Passaic, N. J. 

Sec'y Boys' Dept., W. Side Br., N. Y. 

Ass't Secretary, Bridgeport, Ct. 



44 



Day, George Edward, '93. 
Deriman, Wm. Van Benschoten, '95. 

Dickson, Henry David, '90. 

Dietz, Henry Louis, '94. 

Downey, Jerry Edward, '98. 

Dudley, Joseph Matthews, '95. 

Durand, William Balch, '95. 

Eagleson, Archie Charles, '96. 

Edwards, James Henry, '90. 

Exner, Max Joseph, '92. 

Fagg, Frederick Dowe, '88. 

Fairbanks, William Austin, '94. 

Fleming, George, '91. 

Flindt, Albert Edward, '90. 

Gabler, George Lewis, '94. 

Garland, Albert Ellsworth, '91. 

Gay, Ernest Gordon, '96. 

Gillett, Burt Wood, '87. 

Godtfring, Frederic William, '90. 

Greene, Sylvester Charles, '88. 

Greenwald, James Andrew, '96. 

Halsted, Alfred Thompson, M.D., '91. 

Haskell, Claire Ellis, '93. 

Hatch, W. L., 'S9. 

Herdman, John Robert, '96. 
Heywood, Charles Edward Alfred, '98. 

Holman, Frank, '94. 

Horner, Rudolf, '94. 

Huntress, Louis Maynard, '96. 

Jackson, Joseph Proctor, '89. 

Jessop, William, '98. 

Jones, Alfred Kirk, '90. 

Karnes, Emmett Gilbert, '99. 

Kesty, Charles E., '98. 

Killam, Frank, '95. 
Kinnicutt, William Henry, M. D., '94. 

Kruemling, August William, '88. 

Lantz, Christian, '94. 

Larimore, Irving W., '91. 



Gen'l Secretary, Lynn, Mass. 
Phys. Director, Norwich, Ct. 
Secretary, 23d St. Br., N. Y. City. 
Phys. Director, San Francisco, Cal. 

Gen'l Secretary, R. R. Br., Toronto, Ont. 
Phys. Director, Buffalo, N. Y. 

Gen'l Secretary, Westboro, Mass. 
Gen'l Secretary, Reading, Pa. 



Gen. Sec, 26th Ward Br., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

(Temp, in charge of Army Work in N. J.) 
Gen'l Secretary, Gloucester, Mass. 
Gen'l Secretary, Saginaw (E. S.), Mich. 
Gen'l Secretary, Bay City, Mich. 

Phys. Director, Bedford Br. , Brooklyn, 
N. Y. 

Phys. Director, Albany, N. Y. 

Gen'l Secretary, Gardner, Mass. 

Ass't St. Sec. Mass., Boston. 

Sec. Ger. Br., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Gen. Sec, Union Depot Br., St. Louis, Mo. 

Phys. Director, So. Side Br., Pittsburg, Pa. 

Phys. Director, Springfield, Mass. 
Phys. Director, Denver, Colo. 
Columbia, S. C. 

Gen'l Secretary, Belleville, Ont. 
Phys. Director, Plainfield, N. J. 
Phys. Director, London, Ont. 
Trav. Sec. German Switz'd, Basle, Swit- 
zerland. 
Gen. Sec, Oswego, N. Y. 

Gen'l Secretary, Dallas, Tex. 
Gen'l Secretary, Summit, N. J. 
Phys. Director, St. Joseph, Mo. 

Sec. R. R. Ass'n, Gladstone, Va. 
Gen'l Secretary, Bloomsburg, Pa. 
Phys. Director, Brockton, Mass. 
Phys. Director, Cleveland, O. 
Gen'l Sec, So. Side Br., St. Louis, Mo. 

Gen. Sec, Greenpoint, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Phys. Director, Dubuque, Iowa. 



15 



Locher, William Walter, '90. 

Loring, Benjamin Tappan, '93. 

Lotze, William George, '88. 

Lovejoy, Bertram Eugene, '96. 

Lunbeck, Arthur William, '91. 

Mahan, Frank, '93- 

Marshall, Fraser Grant, '90. 

Martin, Charles Alvin, '95- 

Martin, Rufus Jonathan, '94. 

Mason, Lucius. Julius, '96. 

Maylott, Worthy Francis, '95. 

McCleery, William James, '94. 
McCurdy, James Huff, M. D., '91. 

MacDonald, Finley Grant, '93. 

McGown, Chester Stowe, '95. 

MacKay, Angus Murdoch, '89. 

McKee, William Charles, '91. 

McLeod, Alexander W., '87. 

Merrill, Frank Herbert, '95. 

Messer, Louis Adolphus, '96. 

Mogge, Ernest Lewis, '95. 

Monroe, Edwin Dewitt, '96. 

Moyer, Elkanah Dewilla, '95. 

Murray, Murdoch Kenzie, '90. 

Norris, James Hervey, '89. 

Page, John, '95. 

Page, Pierson Sterling, '94. 

Parker, Anson Lindsley, '90. 

Patton, Thomas Duncan, '92. 

Pirazzini, Agide, '96. 

Pollard, David W T right, '94. 

Poole, George F., M. D., 'S7. 

Powlison, Charles Ford, 'S9. 

Powter, Charles Barrett, '96. 

Pratt, Frank Magee, '87. 

Price, Charles Herbert, '96. 

Rideout, Melvin Bragdon, '93. 

Ridgeway, John William, '96. 

Rogers, Dwight Leete, '94. 

Ross, Maurice, '94. 
Ruggles, Edward Packenham, '95. 

Sanders, N. E., '97. 
Schoerke, Bernhard Alexander, '96. 
Seerley, Frank Newell, M. D., '90. 

Simons, Eltham Leslie, '96. 



Phys. Director, Lynn, Mass. 
Gen'l Secretary, New Haven, Conn. 
Gen'l Secretary, North Adams, Mass. 
Gen'l Secretary, Morristown, N. J. 

Gen'l Secretary, Charlotte, N. C. (Tempora- 
rily in charge of Army Work at Tampa, 
Florida). 

Prov'l Sec. Mar. Prov., New Glasgow, N. S. 

Phys. Director, Northampton, Mass. 

Phys. Dir. R. R. Branch, New York City. 

Gen'l Secretary, Keene, N. H. 

Gen'l Secretary, Yarmouth, N. S. 

Inst. Y. M. C. A. Tr. Sch., Springfield, Mass. 

Gen'l Secretary, Reading, Mass. 

Gen'l Secretary, Amesbury, Mass. 

Gen'l Secretary, Hamilton, Ont. 

Sec. South Side Branch, Pittsburg, Pa. 

Gen'l Secretary, Ogden, Utah. 

Phys. Director, Richmond, Va. 

Gen'l Secretary, Geneva, N. Y. 
Gen'l Secretary, Nyack, N. Y. 
Gen'l Secretary, Steelton, Pa. 
Gen'l Secretary, Bath, Me. 

Gen'l Secretary, Canton, Ohio. 

Gen'l Secretary, Berlin, Ont. 

Ass't Phys. Dir., 23d St. Br., N. Y. City. 

Gen'l Secretary, Detroit, Mich. 

Gen'l Secretary, Winnepeg, Man. 

Gen'l Secretary, Rome, Italy. 

Phys. Director, Pawtucket, R. I. 

Phys. Dir., 23d St. Branch, New York City. 

Gen'l Secretary, Holyoke, Mass. 

Ass't Phys. Director, Montreal, Can. 

Gen'l Secretary, Toronto, Ont. 

Phys. Dir. , Military Acad. , Montclair, N. J. 

Phys. Director, Mount Vernon, N. Y. 
Gen'l Secretary, Brockville, Ont. 
Temporarily engaged as Secretary of Y. M. 

C. A., 2d Mass. Reg't. 
Phys. Director, Fitchburg, Mass. 
Phys. Director, Charlestown, Mass. 

Ass't Phys. Director, Boston, Mass. 

Inst. Y. M. C. A. Tr. Sch., Springfield, Mass. 
Secretary R. R., Hornellsville, N. Y. 



4(5 



Slater, Frank James, 
Smith, Aurelius Blanchard, 
Smith, Harvey Leigh, 
Smith, John Peter, 
Spence. Donald McKay, 
Stephens, Duncan Calder, 
Stockwell, Albert Pike, 
Stolte, Diedrick, Jr., 
Stratton, Arthur Talmage, 
Symonds, William H., 

Teague, Frank William, 
Theis, Paul Eugene, 
Thompson, Hugh Currie, 
Thompson, John George, 
Triplett, Edward Mason, 
Tucker, C. R., 

Vinson, James, 

Von Starck, Waldemar, 

Welzmiller, Louis, Jr., 
Winslow, George Henry, 
Withrow, John G. , 
Wittwer, Carl Edward, 
Worth, Elbridge Morseman, 
Wyman, William Hutchinson, 



98. 

96. Phys. Director, Watervliet, N. Y. 

93. Phys. Director, Galveston, Texas. 

91. Gen'l Secretary, San Diego, Cal, 

92. Gen'l Secretary, Lawrence Mass. 

94. Gen'l Secretary, Lansingburgh, N. Y. 

92. Gen'l Secretary, Calcutta, India. 

96. Phys. Director, Bangor, Me. 

88. Gen'l Secretary, Pawtucket, R. I. 

87. Ass't Prov. Secretary, Ontario and Quebec. 

89. Gen'l Secretary, Portsmouth, N. H. 

91. Gen'l Secretary, Paris, France. 

89. Phys. Director, Morristown, N. J. 

93. Gen'l Secretary, New Glasgow, N. S. 

94. Ass't Secretary, Burlington, Iowa. 

97. Ed. Dir., East Side Branch, New York City. 

92. Gen'l Secretary, Birmingham. Ala. 

90. Gen'l Secretary, Breslau, Germany. 

94. Phys. Dir., West Side Br., New York City. 

91. R. R. Secretary, Kansas City, Mo. 
90. Gen'l Secretary, Rahway, N. J. 

89. Secretary German Branch, Buffalo, N. Y. 

94. Gen'l Secretary, Waltham, Mass. 

89. Gen'l Secretary, Chelsea, Mass. 



Note, June 1, 1898. — Twelve of the present undergraduates are temporarily engaged in 
Association army work at the different United States camps. 



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